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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    EXODUS 9

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      1  The murrain of beasts.
     8  The plague of boils and blains.
    13  The message of Moses about the hail.
    22  The plague of hail.
    27  Pharaoh sues to Moses, but yet is hardened.
    
    
    VERSE 1
       * :13; 3:18; 4:22,23; 5:1; 8:1,20; 10:3
    
    VERSE 2
        * Ex 4:23; 8:2; 10:4 Le 26:14-16,23,24,27,28 Ps 7:11,12; 68:21
       * Isa 1:20 Ro 2:8 Re 2:21,22; 16:9
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - the hand.
       * Ex 7:4; 8:19 1Sa 5:6-11; 6:9 Ac 13:11
    - murrain.
      We may observe a particular scope and meaning in this
      calamity, if we consider it in regard to the Egyptians, which
      would not have existed in respect to any other people.  They
      held in idolatrous reverence almost every animal, but some
      they held in particular veneration; as the ox, cow, and ram.
      Among these, {Apis} and {Mnevis} are well known; the former
      being a sacred bull, worshipped at Memphis, as the latter was
      at Heliopolis.  A cow or heifer had the like honors at
      Momemphis; and the same practice seems to have been adopted
      in most of the Egyptian {nomes.}  By the infliction of this
      judgment, the Egyptian deities sank before the God of the
      Hebrews.  See Bryant, pp. 87-93.
    
       * Ex 5:3
    
    VERSE 4
        * Ex 8:22; 10:23; 12:13 Isa 65:13,14 Mal 3:18
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - a set time.
       * :18; 8:23; 10:4 Nu 16:5 Job 24:1 Ec 3:1-11 Jer 28:16,17
       * Mt 27:63,64
    
    VERSE 6
        * :19,25 Ps 78:48,50
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - the heart.
       * :12; 7:14; 8:32 Job 9:4 Pr 29:1 Isa 48:4 Da 5:20 Ro 9:18
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - Take to.
      This was a significant command; not only referring to the
      fiery furnace, which was a type of the slavery of the
      Israelites, but to a cruel rite common among the Egyptians.
      They had several cities styled Typhonian, in which at
      particular seasons they sacrificed men, who were burnt alive;
      and the ashes of the victim were scattered upwards in the
      air, with the view, probably, that where any atom of dust was
      carried, a blessing was entailed.  The like, therefore, was
      done by Moses, though with a different intention, and more
      certain effect.  See Bryant, pp. 93-106.
    
       * Ex 8:16
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - a boil.
       * Le 13:18-20 De 28:27,35 Job 2:7 Re 16:2
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - a boil.
       * De 28:27
    
    VERSE 11
        * Ex 7:11,12; 8:18,19 Isa 47:12-14 2Ti 3:8,9 Re 16:2
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - See on ch.
       * Ex 4:21; 7:13,14 Ps 81:11,12 Re 16:10,11
      Hardness of heart is a figurative expression, denoting that
      insensibility of mind upon which neither judgments nor
      mercies make any abiding impressions; but the conscience
      being stupefied, the obdurate rebel persists in determined
      disobedience.
    
    VERSE 13
        * :1; 7:15; 8:20
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - send all.
       * Le 26:18,21,28 De 28:15-17,59-61; 29:20-22; 32:39-42 1Sa 4:8
       * 1Ki 8:38 Jer 19:8 Mic 6:13 Re 18:8; 22:18
    - that thou.  See on ch.
       * Ex 8:10
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - stretch.
       * :3,6,16; 3:20
    - that.
       * Ex 11:4-6; 12:29,30
    - cut off.
       * Ex 14:28 1Ki 13:34 Pr 2:22
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - deed.
       * Ex 14:17 Ps 83:17,18 Pr 16:4 Ro 9:17,22 1Pe 2:8,19 Jude 1:4
    - raised thee up.  Heb. made thee stand.  for to.
       * Ex 14:4; 15:11-16; 18:11 Jos 2:10,11 1Sa 4:8 Ps 136:10-15
    - that my.
       * 1Ch 16:24 Ps 64:9; 83:17,18 Isa 63:12-14 Mal 1:11,14 Ro 9:17
    
    VERSE 17
        * Job 9:4; 15:25,26; 40:9 Isa 10:15; 26:11; 37:23,24,29; 45:9
       * Ac 12:23 1Co 10:22
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - to-morrow.
       * 1Ki 19:2; 20:6 2Ki 7:1,18
    - I will cause.
      This must have been a circumstance of all others the most
      incredible to an Egyptian; for in Egypt there fell no rain,
      the want of which was supplied by dews, and the overflowing
      of the Nile.  The Egyptians must, therefore, have perceived
      themselves particularly aimed at in these fearful events,
      especially as they were very superstitious.  There seems
      likewise a propriety in their being punished by fire and
      water, as they were guilty of the grossest idolatry towards
      these elements.  Scarcely any thing could have distressed the
      Egyptians more than the destruction of the flax, as the whole
      nation wore linen garments.  The ruin of their barley was
      equally fatal, both to their trade and to their private
      advantage.  See Bryant, pp. 108-117.
    
       * :22-25 Ps 83:15
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - and gather.
       * Hab 3:2
    - the hail.
       * :25
    
    VERSE 20
        * Pr 16:16; 22:3,23 Jon 3:5,6 Mr 13:14-16 Heb 11:7
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - regarded not.  Heb. set not his heart unto.
       * Ex 7:23 1Sa 4:20 *marg:
       * 1Ch 22:19 Job 7:17; 34:14 Pr 24:32 *marg:
       * Eze 40:4 Da 10:12
    
    VERSE 22
        * Ex 7:19; 8:5,16 Re 16:21
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - the Lord sent.
       * Ex 19:16; 20:18 1Sa 12:17,18 Job 37:1-5 Ps 29:3; 77:18
       * Re 16:18,21
    - and hail.
       * Jos 10:11 Job 38:22,23 Ps 18:13; 78:47,48; 105:32,33; 148:8
       * Isa 30:30 Eze 38:22 Re 8:7
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - none like.
       * :23; 10:6 Mt 24:21
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - smote every.
       * Ps 105:33
    
    VERSE 26
        * Ex 8:22-32; 9:4,6; 10:23; 11:7; 12:13 Isa 32:18,19
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - I have.
       * Ex 10:16 Nu 22:34 1Sa 15:24,30; 26:21 Mt 27:4
    - the Lord.
       * 2Ch 12:6 Ps 9:16; 129:4; 145:17 La 1:18 Da 9:14 Ro 2:5; 3:19
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - Intreat.
       * Ex 8:8,28; 10:17 Ac 8:24
    - mighty thunderings.  Heb. voices of God.
       * Ps 29:3,4
    - ye shall.
       * Ex 11:1
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - spread.
       * :33 1Ki 8:22,38 2Ch 6:12,13 Ezr 9:5 Job 11:13 Ps 143:6
       * Isa 1:15
    - that the earth.
       * De 10:14 Ps 24:1,2; 50:12; 95:4,5; 135:6 1Co 10:26,28
    
    VERSE 30
        * Pr 16:6 Isa 26:10; 63:17
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - flax.
      The word {pishteh,} flax, Mr. Parkhurst thinks may be derived
      from {pashat,} to strip, because the substance which we call
      flax is properly the fimourns of the bark or rind of the
      vegetable, stripped off the stalks.  From time immemorial,
      Egypt was celebrated for the production and manufacture of
      flax; and hence the linen and fine linen of Egypt, so often
      spoken of in scripture and ancient authors.
    
    - the barley.
      The Hebrew {serah,} barley, in Arabic {shair,} and
      {shairat,} is so called from its rough, bristly beard, with
      which the ears are covered and defended; from {sar,} to
      stand on end as the hair of the head:  hence {ser,} the hair
      of the head.  So its Latin name {hordeum} is from {horreo,}
      to stand on end as the hair.  Dr. Pococke has observed that
      there is a double seed time and harvest in Egypt; rice, India
      wheat, and a grain called the corn of Damascus, are sown and
      reaped at a very different time from wheat, barley, and flax.
      The first are sown in March, before the overflowing of the
      Nile, and reaped about October; whereas the wheat and barley
      are sown in November and December, as soon as the Nile has
      gone off, and reaped before May.
    
       * Ru 1:22; 2:23 Am 4:9 Hab 3:17
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - not grown up.  Heb. hidden, or dark.
       * Ex 10:22
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - spread.
       * :29; 8:12
    - and the thunders.
       * Ex 10:18,19 Jas 17 5:17,18
    
    
    VERSE 34 
     - saw.
       * Ex 8:15 Ec 8:11
    - and hardened.
       * Ex 4:21; 7:14 2Ch 28:22; 33:23; 36:13 Ro 2:4,5
    
    
    VERSE 35 
     - was hardened.
       * Ex 7:13
    - as the Lord.
       * Ex 4:21; 7:3,4; 11:9,10
    - by Moses.  Heb. by the hand of Moses.
       * Ex 4:13
    
    
    
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