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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    LEVITICUS 14

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      1  The rites and sacrifices in cleansing the leper.
    33  The signs of leprosy in a house.
    48  The cleansing of that house.
    
    
    VERSE 1 
       * :1
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - the law.
       * :54-57; 13:59
    - in the day.
       * Nu 6:9
    - He shall.
       * Mt 8:2-4 Mr 1:40-44 Lu 5:12-14; 17:14
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - go forth.
      Lepers were obliged to live in a detached situation, separate
      from other people, and to keep themselves actually at a
      distance from them.  They were distinguished by a peculiar
      dress; and if any person approached, they were bound to give
      him warning, by crying out, Unclean! unclean!
    
    - out of.
       * Le 13:46
    - be healed.
       * Ex 15:26 2Ki 5:3,7,8,14 Job 5:18 Mt 10:8; 11:5 Lu 4:27; 7:22
       * Lu 17:15,16-19 1Co 6:9-11
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - two birds.  or, sparrows.
      The word {tzippor,} from the Arabic {zaphara,} to fly, is
      used in the Scriptures to denote birds of every species,
      particularly small birds.  But it is often used in a more
      restricted sense, as the Hebrew writers assert, to signify
      the sparrow.  Aquinas says the same; and Jerome renders it
      here the sparrow.  So the Greek [        ,] in Matthew and
      Luke, which signifies a sparrow, is rendered by the Syriac
      translator {tzipparin}, the same as the Hebrew {tzipporim}.
      Nor is it peculiar to the Hebrews to give the same name to
      the sparrow and to fowls of the largest size; for Nicander
      calls the hen [            ,] the domestic sparrow, and both
      Plautus and Ausonius call the ostrich, {passer marinus,} "the
      marine sparrow."  It is evident, however, that the word in
      this passage signifies birds in general; for if the sparrow
      was a clean bird, there was no necessity for commanding a
      clean one to be taken, since every one of the species was
      ceremonially clean; but if it was unclean, then it could not
      be called clean.
    
       * Le 1:14; 5:7; 12:8
    - cedar.
       * :6,49-52 Nu 19:6
    - scarlet.
       * Heb 9:19
    - hyssop.
       * Ex 12:22 Nu 19:18 Ps 51:7
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - earthen vessel.
       * :50 Nu 5:17 2Co 4:7; 5:1; 13:4 Heb 2:14
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - the living bird.
       * Joh 14:19 Ro 4:25; 5:10 Php 2:9-11 Heb 1:3 Re 1:18
    - dip them.
       * :51-53 Zec 13:1 Re 1:5
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - sprinkle.
       * Nu 19:18,19 Isa 52:15 Eze 36:25 Joh 19:34 Heb 9:13,19,21
       * Heb 10:22; 12:24 1Pe 1:2 1Jo 5:6
    - seven times.
       * :51; 4:6,17; 8:11; 16:14,19 2Ki 5:10,14 Ps 51:2,7 Eph 5:26,27
    - pronounce.
       * Le 13:13,17
    - let.
       * Le 16:22 Da 9:24 Mic 7:19 Heb 9:26
    - into the open field.  Heb. upon the face of the field.
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - wash his.
       * Le 11:25; 13:6; 15:5-8 Ex 19:10,14 Nu 8:7 Re 7:14
    - wash himself.
       * Le 8:6 1Pe 3:21 Re 1:5,6
    - and shall.
       * Nu 12:15
    - seven days.
       * Le 8:33-35; 13:5
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - shave all.
       * Nu 6:9; 8:7
    - wash his flesh.
      Lictenstein states that "among the Koossas, (a nation of
      South Africa,) there are certain prevailing notions
      respecting moral [ceremonial] uncleanness.  All children are
      unclean till they are admitted among grown-up persons (which
      happens with the males through the various ceremonies
      attending circumcision); all lying-in women are unclean for
      the first month; all men who have lost their wives, for a
      fortnight, and all widows for a month; a mother who has lost
      a child, for two days; all persons who have been present at a
      death, the men returning from a battle, etc.  No one may have
      intercourse with such an unclean person, till he has washed
      himself, rubbed his body with fresh paint, and rinsed his
      mouth with milk.  But he must not do this till after the
      lapse of a certain time, fixed by general consent for each
      particular case, and during this time he must wholly refrain
      from washing, painting, or drinking milk."
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - eighth day.
       * :23; 9:1; 15:13,14
    - take.
       * Mt 8:4 Mr 1:44 Lu 5:14
    - he lambs.
       * Le 1:10 Joh 1:29 1Pe 1:19
    - ewe lamb.
       * Le 4:32 Nu 6:14
    - of the first year.  Heb. the daughter of her year.  three
      tenth.
       * Le 23:13 Ex 29:40 Nu 15:9; 28:20
    - a meat offering.
       * Le 2:1 Nu 15:4-15 Joh 6:33,51
    - log of oil.
       * :12,15,21,24
    
    VERSE 11
        * Le 8:3 Ex 29:1-4 Nu 8:6-11,21 Eph 5:26,27 Jude 1:24
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - trespass.
       * Le 5:2,3,6,7,18,19; 6:6,7 Isa 53:10
    - wave them.
       * Le 8:27-29 Ex 29:24
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - in the place.
       * Le 1:5,11; 4:4,24 Ex 29:11
    - as the sin.
       * Le 7:7; 10:17
    - it is most holy.
       * Le 2:3; 7:6; 21:22
    
    VERSE 14
        * Le 8:23,24 Ex 29:20 Isa 1:5 Ro 6:13,19; 12:1 1Co 6:20 2Co 7:1
       * Php 1:20 1Pe 1:14,15; 2:5,9,10 Re 1:5,6
    
    VERSE 15
        * Ps 45:7 Joh 3:34 1Jo 2:20
    
    VERSE 16
        * Le 4:6,17 Lu 17:18 1Co 10:31
    
    VERSE 17
        * :14; 8:30 Ex 29:20,21 Eze 36:27 Joh 1:16 Tit 3:3-6 1Pe 1:2
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - the remnant.
       * Le 8:12 Ex 29:7 2Co 1:21,22
       * Eph 1:17,18
    - make an atonement.
       * Le 4:26,31; 5:16
    
    VERSE 19
        * :12; 5:1,6; 12:6-8 Ro 8:3 2Co 5:21
    
    VERSE 20
        * :10 Eph 5:2
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - poor.
       * Le 1:14; 5:7; 12:8 1Sa 2:8 Job 34:19 Pr 17:5; 22:2 Lu 6:20; 21:2-4
       * 2Co 8:9,12 Jas 5 2:5,6
    - cannot.  Heb. his hand reach not.  one lamb.  See on ver.
       * :10
    - to be waved.  Heb. for a waving.
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - two turtle doves.
      {Tor,} the turtle or ring-dove, so called by an onomatopoeia
      from its cooing, as in Greek [     ], Latin, {turtur} and
      English, turtle.  It is a species of the dove or pigeon, here
      called {yonah,} and in the Syriac {yauno,} from the verb to
      oppress, afflict, because of its being particularly
      defenceless, and exposed to rapine and violence.  The dove is
      a genus of birds too well known to need a particular
      description; and of which there are several species besides
      the turtle-dove; as the wood pigeon, tame pigeon, and others.
      The dove is universally allowed to be one of the most
      beautiful objects in nature.  The brilliancy of her plumage,
      the splendor of her eye, the innocence of her look, the
      excellence of her dispositions, and the purity of her
      manners, have been the theme of admiration and praise in
      every age.  To the snowy whiteness of her wings, and the rich
      golden hues that adorn her neck, the inspired Psalmist
      alludes in most elegant strains.  (Ps 68:13.)  The voice of
      the dove is particularly tender and plaintive, and bears a
      striking resemblance to the groan of a person in distress; to
      which the inspired bards frequently allude.  (Isa 38:14;
      11 59:11; Eze 7:16.)  Her native dwelling is in the caves or
      hollows of the rock; allusions to which fact also occur in
      the Sacred Writings, (So 2:14; Jer 48:28.)  Her manners are
      as engaging as her form is elegant, and her plumage rich and
      beautiful.  She is the chosen emblem of simplicity,
      gentleness, chastity, and feminine timidity, and for this
      reason, as well as from their abounding in the East, they
      were probably chosen as offerings by Jehovah.
    
       * Ps 68:13 So 2:14 Isa 38:14; 59:11 Jer 48:28 Eze 7:16
    
    VERSE 23
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - See on ver.
       * :10-13
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - See on ver.
       * :14-20 Ps 40:6 Ec 5:1
    
    VERSE 26
        * :26
    
    VERSE 27
        * :27
    
    VERSE 28
        * :28
    
    VERSE 29
        * :18,20 Ex 30:15,16 Joh 17:19 1Jo 2:1,2; 5:6
    
    VERSE 30
        * :22; 12:8; 15:14,15 Lu 2:24 Ro 8:3
    
    VERSE 31
        * :31
    
    VERSE 32
        * :2,54-57; 13:59
    - whose hand.  See on ver.
       * :10,21 Ps 72:12-14; 136:23 Mt 11:5 1Co 1:27,28
    
    VERSE 33
    
    
    VERSE 34 
     - When.
       * Le 23:10; 25:2 Nu 35:10 De 7:2; 12:1,8; 19:1; 26:1; 27:3
    - which I.
       * Ge 12:7; 13:17; 17:8 Nu 32:32 De 12:9,10; 32:49 Jos 13:1
    - I put the plague of leprosy.
      It was probably from this text, that the leprosy has been in
      general considered to be a supernatural disease, inflicted
      immediately by God himself; but it cannot be inferred from
      this expression, as it is well known, that in Scripture, God
      is frequently represented as doing what, in the course of his
      providence, he only permits to be done.
    
       * Ex 15:26 De 7:15 1Sa 2:6 Pr 3:33 Isa 45:7 Am 3:6; 6:11 Mic 6:9
    
    
    VERSE 35 
     - a plague.
       * De 7:26 Jos 7:21 1Sa 3:12-14 1Ki 13:34 Ps 91:10 Pr 3:33
       * Zec 5:4
    
    
    VERSE 36 
     - empty.  or, prepare.  be not made.
       * 1Co 15:33 2Ti 2:17,18 Heb 12:15 Re 18:4
    
    VERSE 37
        * Le 13:3,19,20,42,49
    
    VERSE 38
        * Le 13:50
    
    VERSE 39
        * Le 13:7,8,22,27,36,51
      The consideration of the circumstances will exhibit the
      importance and the propriety of the Mosaic ordinance on the
      subject of the house leprosy.  1.  Moses ordained that the
      owner of a house, when any suspicious spots appeared on the
      walls, should be bound to give notice of it, in order that
      the house might be inspected; and that person, as in the case
      of the human leprosy, was to be the priest, whose duty it
      was.  Now this would serve to check the mischief at its very
      origin, and make every one attentive to observe it.  2.  On
      notice being given, the priest was to inspect the house, but
      the occupant had liberty to remove everything previously out
      of it; and that this might be done, the priest was empowered
      to order it ex officio; for whatever was found within a house
      declared unclean, became unclean along with it.  3.  If, on
      the first inspection, the complaint did not appear wholly
      without foundation, but suspicious spots or dimples were
      actually to be seen, the house was to be shut up for seven
      days and then to be inspected anew.  If, in this interval,
      the evil did not spread, it was considered as have been a
      circumstance merely accidental, and the house was not
      polluted; but if it had spread, it was not considered a
      harmless accident, but the real house leprosy; and the stones
      affected with it were to be broken out of the wall, and
      carried to an unclean place without the city, and the walls
      of the whole house here scraped and plastered anew.  4.  If,
      after this, the leprosy broke out afresh, the whole house was
      to be pulled down, and the materials carried without the
      city.  Moses therefore, never suffered a leprous house to
      stand.  5.  If, on the other hand, the house being inspected
      a second time, was found clean, it was solemnly so declared,
      and offering made on the occasion; in order that every one
      might know for certain that it was not infected, and the
      public be freed from all fears on that score.  By this law
      many evils were actually prevented--it would check the
      mischief in its very origin, and make every one attentive to
      observe it:  the people would also guard against those
      impurities whence it arose, and thus the health be preserved
      and not suffer in an infected house.  These Mosaic statues
      were intended to prevent infection by the sacred obligations
      of religion.  Ceremonial laws many keep more conscientiously
      and sacredly than moral precepts.
    
    
    VERSE 40 
     - take away.
       * Ps 101:5,7,8 Pr 22:10; 25:4,5 Isa 1:25,26 Mt 18:17 Joh 15:2
       * 1Co 5:5,6,13 Tit 3:10 2Jo 1:10,11 Re 2:2,6,14-16,20
    - without the city.
       * Re 22:15
    
    
    VERSE 41 
     - into an unclean place.
       * Job 36:13,14 Isa 65:4 Mt 8:28; 24:51 1Ti 1:20 Re 22:15
    
    VERSE 42
        * Ge 18:19 Jos 24:15 2Ch 17:7-9; 19:5-7; 29:4,5 Ps 101:6
       * Ac 1:20-26 1Ti 5:9,10,21,22 2Ti 2:2 Tit 1:5-9
    
    VERSE 43
        * Jer 6:28-30 Eze 24:13 Heb 6:4-8 2Pe 2:20,22 Jude 1:12
    
    VERSE 44
        * Le 13:51,52 Zec 5:4
    
    
    VERSE 45 
     - break down.
       * 1Ki 9:6-9 2Ki 10:27; 17:20-23; 18:4; 25:4-12,25,26 Jer 52:13
       * Eze 5:4 Mt 22:7; 24:2 Ro 11:7-11 Re 11:2
    - into an unclean place.  See on ver.
       * :41
    
    
    VERSE 46 
     - shall be unclean.
       * Le 11:24,25,28; 15:5-8,10; 17:15; 22:6 Nu 19:7-10,21,22
    
    
    VERSE 47 
     - wash his clothes.  See on ver.
       * :8,9
    
    
    VERSE 48 
     - shall come in.  Heb. in coming in shall come in, etc.
      because.
       * :3 Job 5:18 Ho 6:1 Mr 5:29,34 Lu 7:21 1Co 6:11
    
    
    VERSE 49 
     - See on ver.
       * :4-7
    
    VERSE 50
    
    
    VERSE 51 
     - cedar.
       * Ge 43:3
    - scarlet.
       * Jos 2:18-21
    - blood of the.
       * Heb 9:19
    - slain bird.
       * Mr 15:12-20 Heb 2:14
    
    VERSE 52
        * :52
    
    VERSE 53
    
    
    VERSE 54 
     - the law.
       * :2,32; 6:9,14,25; 7:1,37; 11:46; 15:32 Nu 5:29; 6:13; 19:14 De 24:8
    - scall.
       * Le 13:30,31
    
    
    VERSE 55 
     - the leprosy.
       * Le 13:47-59
    - of a house.
       * :34
    
    
    VERSE 56 
     - a rising.
       * Le 13:2
    
    
    VERSE 57 
     - teach.
       * Le 10:10 Jer 15:19 Eze 44:23
    - when it is unclean, and when it is clean.  Heb. in the day of
      the unclean, and in the day of the clean.  this is.
       * De 24:8
    
    
    
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