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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    NUMBERS 18

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      1  The charge of the priests and Levites.
     8  The priests' portion.
    21  The Levites' portion.
    25  The heave offering to the priests out of the Levites'
        portion.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - Aaron, Thou.
       * Nu 17:3,7,13 Heb 4:15
    - shall bear.
      To counterbalance the high honor conferred on Aaron and his
      family, and to allay the fears and abate the envy of the
      people, it is here declared, that the priest must bear the
      blame of everything which was not properly conducted in the
      sanctuary.
    
       * :22; 14:34 Ex 28:38 Le 22:9 Isa 53:6,11 Eze 3:18,19
       * Ac 20:26,27 Heb 13:17 1Pe 2:24
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - joined unto thee.
      There is a fine paronomasia in the original.  Levi is desired
      from {lawah,} to join, couple, associate; hence Moses says,
      the Levites {yillawoo,} "shall be joined," or associated, with
      the priests:  they shall conjointly perform the sacred office,
      but the priests shall be principal, the Levites their
      associates or assistants.
    
       * :4 Ge 29:34
    - minister.  See on ch.
       * Nu 3:6-9; 8:19,22
    - but thou.
       * Nu 3:10-13; 4:15; 16:40; 17:7 1Ch 16:39,40 2Ch 30:16 Eze 44:15
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - only they.  See on ch.
       * Nu 3:25,31,36; 4:19,20; 16:40
    - neither.
       * Nu 4:15
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - a stranger.
       * Nu 1:51; 3:10 1Sa 6:19 2Sa 6:6,7
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - And ye.
       * Nu 8:2 Ex 27:21; 30:7-10 Le 24:3 1Ch 9:19,23,33; 24:5 1Ti 1:18
       * 1Ti 3:15; 5:21; 6:20
    - no wrath.
       * Nu 8:19; 16:46 Jer 23:15 Zec 10:3
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - And I.
       * Ge 6:17; 9:9 Ex 14:17; 31:6 Isa 48:15; 51:12 Eze 34:11,20
    - I have.  See on ch.
       * Nu 3:12,45
    - given.
       * Nu 3:9; 8:16-19
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - Therefore thou.
       * :5; 3:10
    - within.
       * Le 16:2,12-14 Heb 9:3-6
    - as a service.
       * Nu 16:5-7 1Sa 2:28 Joh 3:27 Ro 15:15,16 Eph 3:8 Heb 5:4
    - the stranger.
       * :4; 3:38; 16:40
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - the charge.
       * :9 Le 6:16,18,20,26; 7:6,32-34; 10:14,15 De 12:6,11; 26:13
    - by reason.
       * Ex 29:21,29; 40:13,15 Le 7:35; 8:30; 21:10 Isa 10:27 Heb 1:9
       * 1Jo 2:20,27
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - every meat.
       * Le 2:2,3; 10:12,13
    - every sin.
       * Le 4:22,27; 6:25,26; 10:17
    - every trespass.
       * Le 5:1,6; 7:1,7; 10:12; 14:13
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - In the.
       * Ex 29:31,32 Le 6:16,26,29; 7:6; 10:13,17; 14:13
    - every male.
       * Le 6:18,29; 7:6; 21:22
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - the heave.
       * :8 Ex 29:27,28 Le 7:14,30-34
    - unto thee.   * Le 10:14 De 18:3
    - every one.
       * Le 22:2,3,11-13
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - best of the oil.  Heb. fat.
       * :29
    - the first-fruits.
       * Nu 15:19-21 Ex 22:29; 23:19; 34:26 Le 2:14; 23:17,20 De 18:4
       * De 26:2 Ne 10:35-37
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - whatever.
       * Ex 22:29 Jer 24:2 Ho 9:10 Mic 7:1
    - every one.
       * :11
    
    VERSE 14
        * Le 27:28 Eze 44:29 *marg:
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - openeth.
       * Nu 3:13 Ex 13:2,12; 22:29; 34:20 Le 27:26
    - the firstborn.
       * Ex 13:13; 34:20 Le 27:27
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - shalt thou redeem.
      Redemption of the firstborn is one of the rites which are
      still practised among the Jews.  According to Leo of Modena,
      it is performed in the following manner:--When the child is
      thirty days old, the father sends for one of the descendants
      of Aaron:  several persons being assembled on the occasion,
      the father brings a cup, containing several pieces of gold and
      silver coin.  The priest then takes the child into his arms,
      and addressing himself to the mother, he says, "Is this thy
      son?"  Mother.  "Yes."  Priest.  "Hast thou never had another
      child, male or female, a miscarriage, or untimely birth?"
      Mother.  "No."  Priest.  "This being the case, this child, as
      firstborn, belongs to me."  Then turning to the father, he
      says, "If it be thy desire to have this child, thou must
      redeem it."  Father.  "I present thee with this gold and
      silver for this purpose."  Priest.  "Thou dost wish,
      therefore, to redeem this child?"  Father.  "I do wish so to
      do."  The priest then turning himself to the assembly, says,
      "Very well:  this child, as first-born, is mine; as it is
      written in Bemidbar, (ch. 16 18:16,) Thou shalt redeem the
      first-born of a month old for five shekels; but I shall
      content myself with this in exchange."  He then takes two gold
      crowns, or thereabouts, and returns the child to his parents.
    
    - according.
       * Nu 3:47 Le 27:2-7
    - which is.
       * Ex 30:13 Le 27:25 Eze 45:12
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - the firstling.
       * De 15:19-22
    - thou shalt.  See on
       * Ex 29:16 Le 3:2-5
    
    VERSE 18
        * Ex 29:26-28 Le 7:31-34
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - the heave.
       * :8,11; 15:19-21; 31:29,41 Le 7:14 De 12:6 2Ch 31:4
    - it is a.
       * Le 2:13 2Ch 13:5
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - Thou shalt have.
      The principal part of what was offered to God was the portion
      of the priests; who had no inheritance of land in Israel.  The
      Rabbins say, 24 gifts were given to the priests; all of which
      are expressed in the law.  Eight were only eaten in the
      sanctuary:  1.  The flesh of the sin-offering.  (Le 6:25, 26.)
      2.  The flesh of the trespass-offering.  (Le 7:1, 6.) 3.  The
      peace-offering of the congregation.  (Le 23:19, 20.) 4.  The
      remainder of the sheaf.  ( Le 23:10.)  5.  The remnants of the
      meat-offerings.  (Le 6:16.)  6.  The two loaves.  (Le 23:17.)
      7.  The shew-bread.  (Le 24:9.)  8.  The log of oil offered by
      the leper.  (Le 14:10.)  Five they ate only at Jerusalem:  1.
      The breast and shoulder of the peace-offerings.  (Le 7:31-34.)
      2.  The heave-offering of confession.  (Le 7:12-14.)  3.  The
      heave-offering of the Nazarite's ram.  (Le 6:17-20.)  4.  The
      firstling.  (ch.  15 18:15.)  5.  The first-fruits.  (13 18:13.)
      Five were due to them only in the land of Israel:  1.  The
      heave-offering of first-fruits.  (ver. 12.)  2.  Of the tithe.
      (ver. 28.)  3.  The cake.  (ch. 20 15:20.)  4.  The first of the
      fleece.  (De 18:4.)  5.  The field of possession.  (ch. 35.)
      Five were due both within and without the land:  1.  The gifts
      of slain beasts.  (De 18:3.)  2.  The redemption of the
      first-born.  (ver. 15.)  3.  The lamb for a firstling ass.
      (Ex 4:20.)  4.  That taken by violence from a stranger.  (ch.
      8 5:8.)  5.  All devoted things.  One was from the sanctuary,
      the skins, etc.  (Le 7:8.)
    
    - no inheritance.
       * :23,24; 26:62 De 10:9; 12:12; 14:27,29 Jos 14:3
    - I am thy part.
       * De 18:1,2 Jos 13:14,33; 14:3; 18:7 Ps 16:5; 73:26; 142:5 La 3:24
       * Eze 44:28 1Co 3:21-23 Re 21:3
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - the tenth.
       * :24-26 Le 27:30-32 De 12:17-19; 14:22-29 2Ch 31:5,6,12
       * Ne 10:37-29; 12:44; 13:12
    - even the service.
       * :6; 3:7,8 1Co 9:13,14 Ga 6:6
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - come nigh.
       * :7; 1:52; 3:10,38
    - bear sin.
       * Le 20:20; 22:9
    - and die.  Heb. to die.
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - do the service.  See on ch.
       * Nu 3:7
    - among.  See on ver.
       * :20
    
    VERSE 24
        * Mal 3:8-10
    
    VERSE 25
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - then ye shall.  See on ver.
       * :19
    - a tenth part.
       * Ne 10:38
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - as though.
       * Le 6:19-23
    - the corn.
       * :30; 15:20 De 15:14 2Ki 6:27 Ho 9:1,2
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - and ye shall.
       * Ge 14:18 Heb 6:20; 7:1-10
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - best.  Heb. fat.
       * :12
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - the best.
       * :28 Ge 43:11 De 6:5 Pr 3:9,10 Mal 1:8 Mt 6:33; 10:37-39
       * Php 3:8,9
    - then it shall.
       * :27
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - in every.
       * De 14:22,23
    - your reward.
       * Mt 10:10 Lu 10:7 1Co 9:10-14 2Co 12:13 Ga 6:6 1Ti 5:17,18
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - bear.
       * :22 Le 19:8
    - pollute.
       * Le 22:2,15 Mal 1:7 1Co 11:27,29
    
    
    
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