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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    NUMBERS 19

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      1  The water of separation made of the ashes of a red heifer.
    11  The law for the use of it in purification of the unclean.
    
    
    VERSE 1
       * :1
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - the ordinance.
       * Nu 31:21 Heb 9:10
    - a red heifer.
      The following curious particulars have been remarked in this
      ordinance:  1.  A heifer was appointed for sacrifice, in
      opposition to the Egyptian superstition, which held these
      sacred, and worshipped their goddess Isis under this form; and
      this appears the more likely, because males only were chosen
      for sacrifice.  So Herodotus says, they sacrifice males, both
      old and young; but it is not lawful for them to offer females.
      2.  It was to be a red heifer, because the Egyptians
      sacrificed red bulls to the evil demon Typhon.  3.  It was to
      be without spot, having no mixture of any other color.
      Plutarch says, the Egyptians "sacrifice red bulls, and select
      them with such scrupulous attention, that if the animal has a
      single black or white hair, they reckon it [       ,] unfit to
      be sacrificed."  4.  Without blemish.  (See note on Le 22:21.)
      5.  On which never came yoke:  because an animal which had
      been used for a common purpose was deemed improper for
      sacrifice.
    
       * :6 Le 14:6 Isa 1:18 Re 1:5
    - no blemish.  See on
       * Ex 12:5 Le 22:20-25 Mal 1:13,14 Lu 1:35 Heb 7:26 1Pe 1:19
       * 1Pe 2:22
    - upon which.
       * De 21:3 1Sa 6:7 La 1:14 Joh 10:17,18 Php 2:6-8
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - without the camp.
       * Nu 5:2; 15:36 Le 4:12,21; 13:45,46; 16:27; 24:14 Heb 13:11-13
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - sprinkle.
       * Le 4:6,17; 16:14,19 Heb 9:13,14; 12:24 1Pe 1:2
    
    VERSE 5
        * Ex 29:14 Le 4:11,12,21 Ps 22:14 Isa 53:10
    
    VERSE 6
        * Le 14:4,6,49 Ps 51:7 Isa 1:18 Heb 9:19-23
    
    VERSE 7
        * :8,19 Le 11:25,40; 14:8,9; 15:5; 16:26-28
    
    VERSE 8
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - clean.
       * :18; 9:13 2Co 5:21 Heb 7:26; 9:13
    - lay them up.
       * :17
    - a water of separation.
      That is, water prepared by being mixed with the ashes of the
      heifer, and set apart for the special purpose of being
      sprinkled on those who had contracted any legal defilement.
      To this rite the apostle Paul, in his epistle to the Hebrews.
      (ch. 13 9:13, 14,) pointedly alludes:  "For if," says he, "the
      blood of bulls and of goats," alluding, probably, to the
      sin-offerings and the scape-goat, "and the ashes of a heifer
      sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the
      flesh; how much more shall the blood of Christ, who, through
      the eternal Spirit, offered himself without spot unto God,
      purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living
      God."
    
       * :13,20,21; 6:12; 31:23,24 Le 15:20 Zec 13:1 2Co 7:1
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - wash his.  See on ver.
       * :7,8,19
    - it shall be.
       * Nu 15:15,16 Ex 12:49 Ro 3:29,30 Col 3:11
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - toucheth the dead.
      He who touched a dead beast was only unclean for one day,
      (Le 11:12, 27, 39;) but he who touches a dead man is unclean
      for seven days.  This was certainly designed to show the
      peculiar impurity and sinfulness of man, and the hatefulness
      of sin, seven times worse than the vilest animal!
    
       * :16; 5:2; 9:6,10; 31:19 Le 11:31; 21:1,11 La 4:14 Hag 2:13
       * Ro 5:12 2Co 6:17 Eph 2:1 Heb 9:14
    - man.  Heb. soul of man.
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - He shall purify.
      "Yithchatta," literally, "he shall sin himself," i.e., not add
      sin, but take it away, purify.  So we say to fleece, and to
      skin, which do not signify to add a fleece, or a skin, but to
      take one away.
    
       * :17,18 Ps 51:7 Eze 36:25 Ac 15:9 Re 7:14
    - third day.
       * Nu 31:19 Ex 19:11,15 Le 7:17 Ho 6:2 1Co 15:3,4
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - purifieth.
       * Nu 15:30 Le 5:3,6,17; 15:31 Heb 2:2,3; 10:29 Re 21:8; 22:11,15
    - the water.
       * :9,18; 8:7
    - his uncleanness.
       * Le 7:20; 22:3 Pr 14:32 Joh 8:24
    
    VERSE 14
        * :14
    
    VERSE 15
        * Nu 31:20 Le 11:32; 14:36
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - toucheth.
       * :11; 31:19
    - a bone.
       * Eze 39:11-16
    - a grave.
       * Mt 23:27 Lu 11:44
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - ashes.  Heb. dust.
       * :9
    - running water shall be put thereto.  Heb. living waters shall
      be given.
       * Ge 26:19 *marg:
       * So 4:15 Joh 4:10,11; 7:38 Re 7:17
    
    VERSE 18
        * :9 Ps 51:7 Eze 36:25-27 Joh 15:2,3; 17:17,19 1Co 1:30 Heb 9:14
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - shall sprinkle.
       * Eph 5:25-27 Tit 2:14; 3:3-5 1Jo 1:7; 2:1,2 Jude 1:23 Re 1:5,6
    - on the seventh day he.
       * :12; 31:19 Ge 2:2 Le 14:9
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - shall not.  See on ver.
       * :13; 15:30 Ge 17:14 Mr 16:16 Ac 13:39-41 Ro 2:4,5 2Pe 3:14
       * Re 22:11
    
    VERSE 21
        * Le 11:25,40; 16:26-28 Heb 7:19; 9:10,13,14; 10:4
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - whatever.
       * Le 7:19 Hag 2:13
    - the soul.
       * Le 15:5 Mt 15:19,20 Mr 7:21-23
    
    
    
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