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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    NUMBERS 21

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      1  Israel destroys the Canaanites at Hormah.
     4  The people murmuring are plagued with fiery serpents.
     7  They repenting are healed by a brazen serpent.
    10  Sundry journeys of the Israelites.
    21  Sihon is overcome,
    33  and Og.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - Arad.
       * Nu 33:40 Jos 12:14 Jud 1:16
    - the way of the spies.
      Dr. Kennicott remarks, that the word {atharim,} rendered spies
      in our version, is in the Greek a proper name ([            ,]
      Atharim).
    
       * Nu 13:21,22; 14:45
    - then.
       * De 2:32 Jos 7:5; 11:19,20 Ps 44:3,4
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - vowed.
       * Ge 28:20 Jud 11:30 1Sa 1:11 2Sa 15:7,8 Ps 56:12,13; 116:18
       * Ps 132:2
    - I will.
       * Le 27:28,29 De 13:15 Jos 6:17,26 1Co 16:22
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - hearkened.
       * Ps 10:17; 91:15; 102:17
    - and they utterly.
      {Wyyacharem,} rather with the LXX. [                        ,]
      "and they anathematised, or devoted them to destruction;" for
      it is certain that these Canaanites and Arad were not utterly
      destroyed till the time of Joshua.  (Jos 12:14.)
    
    - the name.
       * Nu 14:45 De 1:44 1Sa 30:30
      {Hormah,} that is, utter destruction.  {Chormah,} rather a
      devoting to destruction:  so LXX. [                     ,] and
      Tremellius, {devotio sive anathema.}
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - mount Hor.
       * Nu 20:22,23,27; 33:41
    - by the way.
       * Nu 14:25 De 1:40
    - compass.
       * Nu 20:18-21 De 2:5-8 Jud 11:18
    - the soul.
       * Nu 32:7,9 Ex 6:9 Ac 14:22 1Th 3:3,4
    - discouraged.  or, grieved.  Heb. shortened.
       * Ex 6:9
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - spake.
       * Nu 11:1-6; 14:1-4; 16:13,14,41; 17:12 Ex 14:11; 15:24; 16:2,3,7,8
       * Ex 17:2,3 Ps 68:6; 78:19
    - and our soul.
       * Nu 11:6-9 Ex 16:15,31 Ps 78:24,25 Pr 27:7
    
    VERSE 6
        * Ge 3:14,15 De 8:15 Isa 14:29; 30:6 Jer 8:17 Am 9:3,4 1Co 10:9
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - We have.
       * Ex 9:27,28 1Sa 12:19; 15:24,30 Ps 78:34 Mt 27:4
    - pray.
       * Ex 8:8,28 1Ki 13:6 Jer 37:3 Ac 8:24 Jas 16 5:16
    - And Moses.
       * Nu 11:2; 14:17-20 Ge 20:7 Ex 32:11,30 De 9:20,26-29
       * 1Sa 12:20-23 Job 42:8,10 Ps 106:23 Jer 15:1 Ro 10:1
    
    VERSE 8
        * Ps 106:43-45; 145:8
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - A serpent of.
       * 2Ki 18:4 Joh 3:14,15; 12:32 Ro 8:3 2Co 5:21
    - when he.
       * Isa 45:22 Zec 12:10 Joh 1:29 Heb 12:2 1Jo 3:8
    - he lived.
       * Joh 6:40 Ro 1:17; 5:20,21
    
    VERSE 10
        * Nu 33:43-45
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - Oboth.
      Probably Oboda, a city of Arabia Petr'a, mentioned by Ptolemy.
      Pliny assigns it to the Helmodians; but Stephanus to the
      Nabatheans.
    
    - Ije-abarim.  or, heaps of Abarim.
       * :11
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - the valley of Zared.
       * De 2:13,14
    - the brook Zered.
    
    VERSE 13
        * :14; 22:36 De 2:24 Jud 11:18 Isa 16:2 Jer 48:20
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - in the book.
       * Jos 10:13 2Sa 1:18
    - What he did.  or, Vaheb in Suphah.
      The following seems to be the sense of this passage:  "From
      Vaheb in Suphah, and the torrents of Arnon, even the effusion
      of the torrents, which goeth down to the dwelling of Ar, and
      lieth for the boundary of Moab; even from thence to the well;
      (which is the well of which Jehovah spake unto Moses, Gather
      the people, and I will give them water.  Then sang Israel this
      song:  Spring up, O Well!  Answer ye to it.  The well, princes
      digged it; even nobles of the people digged it, by a decree,
      upon their borders;) and from the wilderness (or the well, as
      in LXX.) to Mattanah; and from Mattanah," etc.  The whole of
      this, from ver. 14-20, is a fragment from "the book of the
      wars of Jehovah," probably a book of remembrances or
      directions written by Moses for the use of Joshua, and
      describes the several boundaries of the land of Moab.  This
      rendering removes every obscurity, and obviates every
      difficulty.
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - Ar.
       * :28 De 2:9,18,29 Isa 15:1
    - lieth.  Heb. leaneth.
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - Beer.
       * Jud 9:21
    - Gather.
       * Nu 20:8 Ex 17:6 Isa 12:3; 41:17,18; 43:20; 49:10 Joh 4:10,14
       * Joh 7:37-39 Re 21:6; 22:1,17
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - sang.
       * Ex 15:1,2 Jud 5:1 Ps 105:2; 106:12 Isa 12:1,2,5 Jas 13 5:13
    - Spring up.  Heb. ascend.  sing ye.  or answer.
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - princes.
       * 2Ch 17:7-9 Ne 3:1,5 1Ti 6:17,18
    - the lawgiver.
       * De 5:31; 33:4 Isa 33:22 Joh 1:17 Jas 12 4:12
    - And from.
       * Nu 33:45-47
    
    VERSE 19
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - country.  Heb. field.
       * Nu 22:1; 26:63; 33:49,50 De 1:5
    - to the.
       * Nu 23:14 De 3:27; 4:49; 34:1
    - Pisgah.  or the hill.  Jeshimon.  or, the wilderness.
       * Nu 23:28
    
    VERSE 21
        * Nu 20:14-19 De 2:26-28 Jud 11:19-21
    
    VERSE 22
        * Nu 20:17
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - Sihon would.
       * De 2:30-32; 29:7,8
    - Jahaz.
       * Jud 11:20 Isa 15:4 Jer 48:34
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - Israel.
       * Nu 32:1-4,33-42 De 2:31-37; 29:7 Jos 9:10; 12:1-3; 13:8-10; 24:8
       * Jud 11:21-23; 12:1,2; 21:8 Ne 9:22 Ps 135:10-12; 136:19 Am 2:9
    - Arnon.  See on ver.
       * :13 Ge 32:22 De 3:16
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - dwelt.
       * :31; 32:33-42 De 2:12
    - in Heshbon.
      Heshbon was situated, according to Eusebius, twenty miles east
      of Jordan; and Jerome, who places it at the same distance,
      says it was, in his time, a very considerable city.  It still
      subsists, in ruins, under the name of Heshban.
    
       * So 7:4 Isa 15:4; 16:8,9 Jer 48:2,34,45
    - villages.  Heb. daughters.
       * Eze 16:46,49,53
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - Arnon.
      Arnon is a stream which takes its rise in the mountains of
      Moab, and, by a north-west course, during which it receives
      the waters of several streams, runs into the Dead sea.  It is
      now called Wady Modjeb, and divides the province of Pelka from
      that of Kerek, as it formerly divided the kingdoms of the
      Moabites and Amorites.  Its principal source is at a short
      distance to the north-east of Katrane, a station of the Syrian
      Hadj, where it is called Seyl Sayde; and lower down it
      receives the name of Esseim el Kereim, or Szefye.
    
       * :26
    
    VERSE 27
        * :14 Isa 14:4 Hab 2:6
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - a fire.
       * Jud 9:20 Isa 10:16 Jer 48:45,46 Am 1:4,7,10,12,14; 2:2,5
    - Ar of Moab.  See on ver.
       * :15 De 2:9,18 Isa 15:1,2
    
    VERSE 29
        * Jud 11:24 1Ki 11:7,33 2Ki 23:13 Jer 48:7,13,46 1Co 8:4,5
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - have shot.
       * Ge 49:23 2Sa 11:24 Ps 18:14
    - Dibon.
       * Nu 32:34 Jos 13:17 Isa 15:2,9 Jer 48:18,22
    
    VERSE 31
        * Nu 32:33-42 De 3:16,17 Jos 12:1-6; 13:8-12
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - Jaazer.
       * Nu 32:1,35 Isa 16:8,9 Jer 48:32
    - Jazer.
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - they turned.
       * De 3:1-6; 29:7 Jos 13:12
    - Bashan.
       * De 32:14 Ps 22:12; 68:15 Isa 33:9 Eze 27:6; 39:18 Am 4:1
    - Og.
       * Nu 32:33 De 1:4; 3:1; 4:47; 29:7 Jos 9:10; 12:4; 13:30
    
    
    VERSE 34 
     - Fear him.
       * Nu 14:9 De 3:2,11; 20:3; 31:6 Jos 10:8,25 Isa 41:13
    - for I have.
       * De 3:3; 7:24 Jos 8:7 Jud 11:30 1Sa 23:4 2Sa 5:19 1Ki 20:13,28
       * 2Ki 3:18
    - thou shalt.
       * :24 Ps 135:10,11
    - as thou.
       * :24,25
    
    VERSE 35
        * De 3:3-17; 29:7,8 Jos 12:4-6; 13:12 Ps 135:10-12; 136:17-21
       * Ro 8:37
    
    
    
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