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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    NUMBERS 22

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      1  Balak's first message for Balaam is refused.
    15  His second message obtains him.
    22  An angel would have slain him, if he had not been saved by
        his ass.
    36  Balak entertains him.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - the children.
       * Nu 21:20; 33:48-50; 36:13 De 34:1,8
    - on this side.
       * Nu 32:19; 34:15 De 1:5; 3:8 Jos 3:16
    
    VERSE 2
        * Nu 21:3,20-35 Jud 11:25
    
    VERSE 3
        * Ex 15:15 De 2:25 Jos 2:10,11,24; 9:24 Ps 53:5 Isa 23:5
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - elders.
       * :7; 25:15-18; 31:8 Jos 13:21,22
    - Now shall.
       * Nu 24:17 Jer 48:38
    - And Balak.
       * :2 Jud 11:25
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - sent.
       * De 23:4 Jos 13:22; 24:9 Ne 13:1,2 Mic 6:5 2Pe 2:15,16
    - son of Bosor.
       * Jude 1:11 Re 2:14
    - Pethor.
      Dr. Kennicott justly remarks, that "the description now given
      of Balaam's residence, instead of being particular, agrees
      with any place, in any country where there is a river; for he
      lived by 'Pethor, which is by the river of the land of his
      people.'  But was Pethor, then, near the Nile in Egypt?  Or in
      Canaan, near Jordan?  Or in Mesopotamia, near the Euphrates,
      and belonging to the Ammonites?  This last was in fact the
      case; and therefore, it is well that twelve Hebrew MSS. (with
      two of De Rossi's) confirm the Samaritan text here, in reading
      instead of {Émmo,} 'his people,' Ammon, with the Syriac and
      Vulgate versions."  Houbigant justly contends for this
      reading; and necessity urges the propriety of adopting it:
      and it thus agrees with De 23:4.  Ptolemy calls Pethor,
      Pachura, and Eusebius, Pathura; who places it in upper
      Mesopotamia.  Calmet is of opinion, that it was situated
      towards Thapsacus, beyond the Euphrates.
    
       * Nu 23:7 De 23:4
    - they cover.
       * Ge 13:16 Ex 1:7-10 Ps 105:24
    - face.  Heb. eye.
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - curse me.
       * Nu 23:7,8; 24:9 Ge 12:3; 27:29 De 23:4 Jos 24:9 1Sa 17:43 Ne 13:2
       * Ps 109:17,18
    - I wot.
       * 1Ki 22:6,8,13 Ps 109:28 Pr 26:2 Isa 47:12,13 Eze 13:6
       * Ac 8:9,10; 16:16
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - rewards of divination.
       * 1Sa 9:7,8 Isa 56:11 Eze 13:19 Mic 3:11 Ro 16:18 1Ti 6:9,10
       * Tit 1:11 2Pe 2:15 Jude 1:11
    
    VERSE 8
        * :19,20; 12:6; 23:12 Jer 12:2 Eze 33:31
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - God.
       * :20 Ge 20:3; 31:24; 41:25 Da 2:45; 4:31,32 Mt 7:22; 24:24
       * Joh 11:51
    - What men.
       * Ge 3:9-11; 4:9; 16:8 Ex 4:2 2Ki 20:14,15
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - See on ver.
       * :4-6
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - able to overcome them.  Heb. prevail in fighting against
      them.
       * :11
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - Balaam, Thou shalt.
       * :20 Job 33:15-17 Mt 27:19
    - thou shalt not curse.
       * :19; 23:3,13-15,19,23 Mic 6:5
    - for they.
       * Nu 23:20 Ge 12:2; 22:16-18 De 23:5; 33:29 Ps 144:15; 146:5
       * Ro 4:6,7; 11:29 Eph 1:3
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - for the Lord.
       * :14 De 23:5
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - Balaam refuseth.
       * :13,37
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - princes.
       * :7,8 Ac 10:7,8
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - Let nothing, etc.  Heb. Be not thou letted from, etc.
       * :16
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - I will promote.
       * Nu 24:11 De 16:9 Es 5:11; 7:9 Mt 4:8,9; 16:26
    - and I will do.
       * Nu 23:2,3,29,30 Mt 14:7
    - come.
       * :6
    - curse me.
      An erroneous opinion prevailed, both in those days and in
      after ages, that some men had the power, by the help of their
      gods, to devote, not only particular persons, but cities and
      whole armies, to destruction.  This they are said to have done
      sometimes by words of imprecation; of which there was a set
      form among some people, which 'schines calls [         ,] "the
      determinate curse."  Macrobius has a whole chapter on this
      subject.  He gives us two of the ancient forms used in
      reference to the destruction of Carthage; the first, which was
      only pronounced by the dictator, or general, was to call over
      the protecting deities to their side, and the other to devote
      the city to destruction, which they were supposed to have
      abandoned.  The Romans held, that no city would be taken till
      its tutelary god had forsaken it; or if it could be taken, it
      would be unlawful, as it would be sacrilege to lead the gods
      into captivity.  Virgil intimates, that Troy was destroyed
      because {Excessere omnes adytis, arisque relictis dii, quibus
      imperium hoc steterat,} "All the gods, by whose assistance the
      empire had hitherto been preserved, forsook their altars and
      temples."  See more on this subject in Dr. A. Clarke, Bp.
      Patrick, and Burder's Oriental Customs, No. 734.
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - If Balak.
       * Nu 24:13 Tit 1:16
    - I cannot.
       * Nu 23:26; 24:13 1Ki 22:14 2Ch 18:13 Da 5:17 Ac 8:20
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - See on ver.
       * :7,8 1Ti 6:9,10 2Pe 2:3,15 Jude 1:11
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - God.  See on ver.
       * :9
    - If the men.
       * 1Sa 8:5-9; 12:12-19 Ps 81:12 Eze 14:2-5 2Th 2:9-12
    - but yet.
       * :35; 23:12,26; 24:13 Ps 33:10,11; 78:30,31 Isa 37:29 Ho 13:11
    
    VERSE 21
        * Pr 1:15,16
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - God's.
       * 2Ki 10:20 Ho 1:4
    - and the angel.
       * :35
    - See on
       * Ge 48:15,16 Ex 3:2-6 Ho 12:4,5
    - stood.
       * :32 Ex 4:24 La 2:4
    
    
    VERSE 23 
     - the ass saw.
       * 2Ki 6:17 1Ch 21:16 Da 10:7 Ac 22:9 1Co 1:27-29 2Pe 2:16
       * Jude 1:11
    - the ass turned.
       * Jer 8:7
    
    VERSE 24
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - crushed Balaam's.
       * Job 5:13-15 Isa 47:12
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - where was no way.
       * Isa 26:11 Ho 2:6
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - and Balaam's anger.
       * Pr 14:16; 27:3,4
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - the Lord opened.
      And where is the wonder of all this?  If the ass had opened
      her own mouth, and reproved the rash prophet, we might well be
      astonished; but when God opens the mouth, an ass can speak as
      well as a man.  It is to no purpose to speak of the
      construction of the ass's mouth, of the formation of the
      tongue and jaws being unfit for speaking; for an adequate
      cause is assigned for this wonderful effect, "The Lord opened
      the mouth of the ass"; and no one who believes in a God, can
      doubt of his power to do this and much more.
    
       * Ex 4:11 Lu 1:37 1Co 1:19 2Pe 2:16
    - What have I.
       * Ro 8:22
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - for now would.
       * Pr 12:10,16 Ec 9:3
    
    
    VERSE 30 
     - the ass said.
       * 2Pe 2:16
    - upon which thou hast ridden.  Heb. who hast ridden upon me.
      ever since I was thine.  or, ever since thou wast, unto, etc.
       * 1Co 1:27,28
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - opened.
       * Nu 24:4 *marg:
       * Nu 24:16 Ge 21:19 2Ki 6:17-20 1Ch 21:16 Lu 24:16,31 Ac 26:18
    - bowed down.
       * Ex 34:8 Ps 9:20 Joh 18:6
    - fell flat on his face.  or, bowed himself.
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - Wherefore.
       * :28 De 25:4 Ps 36:6; 145:9; 147:9 Jon 4:11
    - withstand thee.  Heb. be an adversary unto thee.
       * :22
    - thy way.
       * De 23:4 Pr 28:6 Mic 6:5 Ac 13:10 2Pe 2:14,15
    - before me.  See on ver.
       * :20,22,35 Ex 3:2-6 Pr 14:2; 28:18
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - surely.
       * Nu 14:37; 16:33-35 1Ki 13:24-28
    
    
    VERSE 34 
     - I Have sinned.
       * Ex 9:27; 10:16,17 1Sa 15:24,30; 24:17; 26:21 2Sa 12:13
       * Job 34:31,32 Ps 78:34 Mt 27:4,5
    - if it displease thee.  Heb. be evil in thine eyes.  See on
      ver.
       * :12; 11:1 1Ch 21:7 Pr 24:18 *margins
    - I will get.
       * Job 34:31,32
    
    
    VERSE 35 
     - Go.  See on ver.
       * :20 Ps 81:12 Isa 37:26-29 2Th 2:9-12
    - I shall speak.  See on ver.
       * :20,21
    
    
    VERSE 36 
     - went.
       * Ge 14:17; 18:2; 46:29 Ex 18:7 1Sa 13:10 Ac 28:15
    - the border.
       * Nu 21:13,14 De 2:24; 3:8 Jud 11:18 Isa 16:2 Jer 48:20
    
    
    VERSE 37 
     - I am not able.
       * :16,17; 24:11 Ps 75:6 Mt 4:8,9 Lu 4:6 Joh 5:44
    
    
    VERSE 38 
     - have I.
       * :18 Ps 33:10; 76:10 Pr 19:21 Isa 44:25; 46:10; 47:12
    - the word.
       * Nu 23:16,26; 24:13 1Ki 22:14 2Ch 18:13
    
    
    VERSE 39 
     - Kirjath-huzoth.  or, a city of streets.
      Probably Rabbath-Moab, now called Rabba, the capital of the
      Moabites; and being the royal city, distinguished by its
      streets.
    
       * :39
    
    VERSE 40
        * Nu 23:2,14,30 Ge 31:54 Pr 1:16
    
    
    VERSE 41 
     - high places.
      {Bamoth baal,} "the high places of Baal," probably the same as
      Bamoth mentioned in ch. 21.19, 20; evidently not far from
      Baal-meon, in the mountains of Abarim:  for the Israelites
      were now encamped in the plains of Moab, which these mountains
      overlook.  Baal, which signifies a lord or governor, was a
      name common to many idols; and probably here was the same as
      Chemosh, the god of Moab.
    
       * Nu 25:2,3 De 12:2 2Ch 11:15 Jer 48:35
    - utmost.
       * Nu 23:13
    
    
    
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