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1 The borders of the land.
16 The names of the men who shall divide the land.
- is the land.
* Nu 33:51-53 Ge 12:6,7; 13:15-17; 15:16-21; 17:8 De 1:7,8 Ps 78:55
* Ps 105:11 Eze 47:14 Ac 17:26
- an inheritance.
* Ps 16:5,6 Jer 3:19 Ac 26:18 Eph 1:14,18 1Pe 1:3,4
- south quarter.
* Ex 23:31 Jos 15:1-12 Eze 47:13,19-23
- salt sea eastward.
The lake Asphaltites, Dead sea, or Salt sea, is, according to
the most authentic accounts, about 70 miles in length, and 18
in breadth. Viewing this sea from the spot where the Jordan
discharges its waters into it, it takes a south-easterly
direction, visible for ten or fifteen miles, when it
disappears in a curve towards the east. Its surface is
generally unruffled, from the hollow of the basin in which it
lies scarcely admitting the free passage necessary for a
strong breeze: it is, however, for the same reason, subject
to whirlwinds or squalls of short duration. The mountains on
each side are apparently separated by a distance of eight
miles; but the expanse of water at this point has been
supposed not to exceed five or six: as it advances towards
the south, it evidently increases in breadth. The acrid
saltness of its waters is much greater than that of the sea;
and of such specific gravity that bodies will float on it that
would sink in common sea-water. It is probably on this
account that few fish can live in it; though the monks of St.
Saba affirmed to Dr. Shaw, that they had seen fish caught in
* Ge 14:3 Jos 3:16; 15:2 Eze 47:8,18
* Jos 15:3 Jud 1:36
* :3; 13:21; 20:1; 33:36,37
* Nu 13:26; 32:8
* Jos 15:3,4
- the river.
* Ge 15:18 Jos 15:4,47 1Ki 8:65 Isa 27:12
- the sea.
* Jos 1:4; 9:1; 15:12,47; 23:4 Eze 47:10,15,20
- north border.
- mount Hor.
* Nu 33:37
- the entrance.
* Nu 13:21 Jos 13:5,6 2Sa 8:9 2Ki 14:25 Jer 39:5 Eze 47:15-20
* Eze 47:17
* 2Ki 23:33; 25:6 Jer 39:5,6; 52:10,26,27
- side. Heb. shoulder. sea of Chinnereth.
* De 3:17 Jos 11:2
* Jos 19:35 Mt 14:34 Lu 5:1
* Joh 6:1
- Sea of Tiberias.
- the salt sea.
* :3 Ge 13:10; 14:3; 19:24-26
- This is the land.
* :1 Jos 14:1,2
* Nu 32:23,33 De 3:12-17 Jos 13:8-12; 14:2,3
- two tribes.
These two tribes inherited the dominions of Sihon and Og, the
two vanquished kings of the Amorites, which extended from the
Arnon to Mount Hermon. Of those counties, Moses gave to the
tribe of Reuben the south-west part, which was bounded on the
south by the river Arnon, on the west by Jordan, and on the
north and east by the tribe of Gad. The tribe of Gad was
bounded by the river Jordan and tribe of Reuben on the west,
by the half tribe of Manasseh on the north, by the kingdom of
the Amorites and Arabia Deserta on the East, and by the tribe
of Reuben on the south. The part belonging to the tribe of
Manasseh was bounded by the tribe of Gad on the south, by the
sea of Galilee and part of Jordan on the west, by Hermon and
Lebanon on the north, and by the mountains of Trachonitis on
- on this side Jordan.
* Nu 32:32
- are the names.
It is worthy of remark, that Moses does not follow any order
hitherto used in arranging the tribes, but places them exactly
in the order in which they possessed the land, and according
to their fraternal relationship. Judah is first, having the
first lot, in the South (Jos ch. 15); and next to him is
Simeon, because his inheritance was "within the inheritance of
the children of Judah." (Jos 19:1.) Benjamin, the third, had
his portion between "Judah and the children of Joseph." (Jos
11 18:11.) Dan was the fourth, and his lot was westward of
Benjamin. (Jos 19:40, 41.) Manasseh and his brother Ephraim
had their inheritances behind that of Benjamin. (Jos 16:7.)
Next these dwelt Zebulun and Issachar, (Jos 19:10-17;) and
then Asher and Naphtali. (Jos 19:24-32.)
* Jos 14:1; 19:51
- Joshua. See on ch.
* Nu 13:8,16
- See on ch.
* Nu 1:4-16
* Nu 13:30; 14:6,24,30,38; 26:65
* :18 Jos 19:51
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