King James Bible Adam Clarke Bible Commentary Martin Luther's Writings Wesley's Sermons and Commentary Neurosemantics Audio / Video Bible Evolution Cruncher Creation Science Vincent New Testament Word Studies KJV Audio Bible Family videogames Christian author Godrules.NET Main Page Add to Favorites Godrules.NET Main Page




Bad Advertisement?

Are you a Christian?

Online Store:
  • Visit Our Store

  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    NUMBERS 35

    << Numbers 34 - Numbers 36 >> - HELP - FB - TWITTER - GR VIDEOS - GR FORUMS - GR YOUTUBE    



    
    
      1  Eight and forty cities for the Levites, with their suburbs,
        and measure thereof.
     6  Six of them are to be cities of refuge.
     9  The laws of murder and manslaughter.
    31  No satisfaction for murder.
    
    
    VERSE 1
       * Nu 22:1; 26:63; 31:12; 33:50; 36:13
    
    VERSE 2
        * Le 25:32,33 Jos 14:3,4; 21:2-42 Eze 45:1-8; 48:8,22 1Co 9:10-14
    
    VERSE 3
        * Jos 21:11 2Ch 11:14 Eze 45:2
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - thousand cubits.
      The Septuagint reads [                                       ]
      "two thousand cubits," as in the following verse; but this
      reading is not acknowledged by any other ancient version,
      except the Coptic, nor by any of the MSS. collated by
      Kennicott and De Rossi.  Various modes have been proposed for
      reconciling the accounts in these two verses, which appear in
      general to require full as much explanation as the text
      itself.  The explanation of Maimonides is the only one that is
      intelligible, and appears perfectly satisfactory.  "The
      suburbs," says he, "of the cities are expressed in the law to
      be 3,000 cubits on every side, from the wall of the city and
      outwards.  The first 1,000 cubits are the suburbs; and the
      2,000, which they measured without the suburbs, were for
      fields and vineyards."  The whole therefore, of the city,
      suburbs, fields, and vineyards, may be represented by the
      following diagram:--
    
                    旼컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴
                          Fields and vineyards.    
                                                   
                         旼컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴커    
                                                 
                               Suburbs.          
                                                 
                             旼컴컴컴컴         
                               City.           
                             읕컴컴컴컴         
                                                 
                            1,000 Cubits         
                                                 
                         읕컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴켸    
                                                   
                              2,000 Cubits         
                    읕컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴
    
    
    VERSE 5
       * :4
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - six cities for refuge.
       * :13,14 De 4:41-43 Jos 20:2-9; 21:3,13,21,27,32,36,38 Ps 9:9
       * Ps 62:7,8; 142:4,5 Isa 4:6 Mt 11:28 Heb 6:18
    - to them ye shall add.  Heb. above them ye shall give.
    
    VERSE 7
        * Jos 21:3-42 1Ch 6:54-81
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - possession.
       * Ge 49:7 Ex 32:28,29 De 33:8-11 Jos 21:3
    - from them.
       * Nu 26:54; 33:54 Ex 16:18 2Co 8:13,14
    - he inheriteth.  Heb. they inherit.
    
    VERSE 9
        * :9
    
    VERSE 10
        * Nu 34:2 Le 14:34; 25:2 De 12:9; 19:1,2
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - ye shall appoint.
      As the {goel,} or kinsman, had a right to avenge the death of
      his relation, by slaying the murderer wherever he found him,
      the appointment of these cities was a humane institution for
      the protection of the involuntary homicide; for they were
      designed only for the protection of such.
    
    - See on ver.
       * :6 Jos 20:2
    - unawares.  Heb. by error.
       * :22,23 Ex 21:13 De 4:42; 19:4,5
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - from the avenger.
       * :19,25-27 De 19:6 Jos 20:3-6,9 2Sa 14:7
    - until he stand.
       * :24 De 19:11,12 Jos 20:4-6
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - six cities.
       * :6
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - three cities.
       * De 4:41-43; 19:8-10 Jos 20:7-9
    
    VERSE 15
        * Nu 15:16 Ex 12:49 Le 24:22 Ro 3:29 Ga 3:28
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - if he smite.
       * :22-24 De 19:11-13
    - the.
       * :30-33 Ge 9:5,6 Ex 21:12-14 Le 24:17
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - throwing a stone.  Heb. a stone of the hand.
       * Ex 21:18
    
    VERSE 18
        * :18
    
    VERSE 19
        * :12,21,24,27 De 19:6,12 Jos 20:3,5
    
    
    VERSE 20 
     - if he thrust.
       * Ge 4:5,8 2Sa 3:27; 13:22,28,29; 20:10 1Ki 2:5,6,31-33 Pr 26:24
       * Pr 28:17 Lu 4:29
    - by laying.
       * Ex 21:14 De 19:11 1Sa 18:10,11,25; 19:9-12; 20:1; 23:7-9; 24:11
       * Ps 10:7-10; 11:2; 35:7,8; 57:4-6 Pr 1:18,19 Mr 6:19,24-26
       * Ac 20:3; 23:21
    
    VERSE 21
        * :21
    
    VERSE 22
        * :11 Ex 21:13 De 19:5 Jos 20:3,5
    
    VERSE 23
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - See on ver.
       * :12 Jos 20:6
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - abide in it.
       * :28 Jos 20:6 Ro 3:24-26 Eph 2:16-18 Heb 4:14-16; 7:25-28
       * Heb 9:12-15; 10:19-22
    - anointed.
       * Ex 29:7 Le 4:3; 8:12; 21:10
    
    
    VERSE 26
       After the manslayer had been received into the city of refuge,
      the avenger of blood could only act as prosecutor; and the
      civil officers, in the presence of the people, were appointed to
      decide the cause according to the rules here laid down.
      Probably the accused person was tried at or near the place
      where the deceased had been slain, and where evidence could
      most easily be brought:  and in case he was acquitted by the
      decision of the judges, and with the approval of the
      people, he was conveyed back to the city of refuge, where he
      was protected as a kind of prisoner at large, till the death
      of the high priest; when the public loss, and the grief
      occasioned by it, might be supposed to swallow up all personal
      regrets and resentments:  and then he was permitted to return
      to his house and estate.  But if, in the mean while, he
      ventured to leave the city, and the avenger met him and slew
      him, he was supposed to merit his doom by thus neglecting the
      appointment of God for his preservation, and the avenger must
      not be punished.  This shews that in other cases, if the
      avenger slew an innocent man on surmise, he was liable to the
      punishment of a murderer; but if, by the testimony of two
      credible witnesses, the man who had fled to the city of refuge
      was adjudged guilty, he must without fail be put to death.
    
       * :26
    
    
    VERSE 27 
     - he shall not be guilty of blood.  Heb. no blood shall be to
      him
       * Ex 22:2 De 19:6,10
    
    
    VERSE 28 
     - he should.
       * Joh 15:4-6 Ac 11:23; 27:31 Heb 3:14; 6:4-8; 10:26-30,39
    - after the death.
       * Heb 9:11,12,15-17
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - See on ch.
       * Nu 27:1,11
    
    VERSE 30
        * De 17:6,7; 19:15 Mt 18:16 Joh 8:17,18 2Co 13:1 1Ti 5:19
       * Heb 10:28 Re 11:3
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - Moreover.
       * Ge 9:5,6 Ex 21:14 De 19:11-13 2Sa 12:13 1Ki 2:28-34 Ps 51:14
    - guilty of death.  Heb. faulty to die.
    
    VERSE 32
        * Ac 4:12 Ga 2:21; 3:10-13,22 Re 5:9
      The region east of Jordan was nearly as long as that on the
      west, and therefore three cities were appointed in each
      division.  One or other of these cities would be within half a
      day's journey of every part of the land; and as it would
      rarely happen that the avenger of blood would be on the spot,
      and none had a right to assault or detain the manslayer, at
      least if no malicious intention was manifest, the unhappy men
      would, therefore, get the start of their adversaries, and very
      few of them be overtaken before they gained the place of
      refuge.  But then they must forsake their families,
      employments, most important interests, and dearest comforts;
      and they must neither loiter nor yield to weariness, nor
      regard difficulties, nor slacken their pace, till they had got
      safe within the walls of the city.  The Jewish writers inform
      us, that to afford every facility to those who thus fled for
      their life, the road to these cities was always preserved in
      good repair; and way-posts, upon which was inscribed REFUGE
      were placed wherever needful, that they might not so much as
      hesitate for a moment.
    
    
    VERSE 33 
     - it defileth.
       * Le 18:25 De 21:1-8,23 2Ki 23:26; 24:4 Ps 106:28 Isa 26:21
       * Eze 22:24-27 Ho 4:2,3 Mic 4:11 Mt 23:31-35 Lu 11:50,51
    - the land cannot be cleansed.  Heb. there can be no expiation
      for the land.
    
    
    VERSE 34 
     - Defile not.
       * Nu 5:3 Le 20:24-26
    - I dwell.
       * Ps 135:21 Isa 57:15 Ho 9:3 2Co 6:16,17 Re 21:3,27
    - dwell among.
       * Nu 5:3 Ex 25:8; 29:45,46 1Ki 6:13 Ps 132:14 Isa 8:12
    
    
    
    GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX 
    
     
    

    God Rules.NET