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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    NUMBERS 7

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      1  The offering of the princes at the dedication of the
        tabernacle.
    10  Their several offerings at the dedication of the altar.
    89  God speaks to Moses from the mercy seat.
    
    
    VERSE 1
    - had fully.
       * Ex 40:17-19
    - anointed it.
       * Ex 30:23-30 Le 8:10,11; 9:1-24
    - sanctified them.
       * Ge 2:3 Ex 13:2 1Ki 8:64 Mt 23:19
    
    
    VERSE 2 
     - the princes.
       * Nu 1:4-16; 2:1-34; 10:1-36
    - and were over, etc.  Heb. who stood.  offered.
       * Ex 35:27 1Ch 29:6-8 2Ch 35:8 Ezr 2:68,69 Ne 7:70-72
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - covered waggons.
      The Hebrew {egloth tzav,} signifies "tilted wagons;" so LXX.
      [                         ,] with which the Coptic agrees.
      These were given for the more convenient exporting of the
      heavier parts of the tabernacle.
    
       * :3
    
    VERSE 4
    
    
    VERSE 5 
     - Take it.
       * Ex 25:1-11; 35:4-10 Ps 16:2,3 Isa 42:1-7; 49:1-8 Eph 4:11-13
       * Tit 3:8
    - give them.  i.e. distribute them among the Levites as they
      need them; giving most to those who have the heaviest burdens
      to bear.
    
    VERSE 6
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - Two wagons.
       * Nu 3:25,26; 4:24-28
    - sons of Gershon.
      The Gershonites being fewest in number of able men, had the
      less burdensome things to carry; for they carried only the
      curtains, coverings, and hangings, (ch. 25 4:25, 40.)  And
      although this was a cumbersome carriage, and they needed
      waggons, yet it was not a heavy one, and they needed few.
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - four wagons.
       * Nu 3:36,37; 4:28-33
    - the sons.
      Though the Merarites were the most numerous, yet they had the
      greatest burden, namely, the boards, bars, pillars, and
      sockets, to carry, (ch. 31 4:31, 32, 48.)  Therefore they had
      double the number of waggons to what the Gershonites had
      assigned them.
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - unto the.
      Because they had the charge of the ark, table, candlestick,
      altars, etc. (ch. 4 4:4-15,) which were to be carried upon
      their shoulders:  for those sacred things must not be drawn
      by beasts.
    
    - because.
       * Nu 3:31; 4:4-16 2Sa 6:6,13 1Ch 15:3,13; 23:26
    
    
    VERSE 10 
     - princes.
      Every prince, or chief, offered in the behalf, and doubtless
      at the expense, of his whole tribe.
    
    - dedicating.
       * De 20:5 1Ki 8:63 2Ch 7:5,9 Ezr 6:16,17 Ne 12:27,43
       * Ps 30:1 *title Joh 10:22
    
    VERSE 11
        * 1Co 14:33,40 Col 2:5
    
    VERSE 12
        * Nu 1:7; 2:3; 10:14 Ge 49:8,10 Ru 4:20 Mt 1:4 Lu 3:32
    - Naasson.
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - charger.
       * Ex 25:29; 37:16 1Ki 7:43,45 2Ki 25:14,15 Ezr 1:9,10; 8:25
       * Jer 52:19 Da 5:2 Zec 14:20 Mt 14:8,11
    - the shekel.
       * Ex 30:13 Le 27:3,25
    - a meat offering.
       * Le 2:1
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - spoon.
       * Nu 4:7 Ex 37:16 1Ki 7:50 2Ki 25:14,15 2Ch 4:22; 24:14
    - incense.
       * Ex 30:7,8,34-38; 35:8
    
    VERSE 15
        * Nu 25:1-18; 28:1-40 29:40 Le 1:1-17 Isa 53:4,10,11 Mt 20:28
       * Joh 17:19 Ro 3:24-26; 5:6-11,16-21; 8:34; 10:4 1Ti 2:6 Tit 2:14
       * Heb 2:10 1Pe 1:18,19; 2:24; 3:18
    
    VERSE 16
        * Le 4:23,25
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - peace.
       * Le 3:1-17 2Co 5:19-21
    - this was the offering.
    
      It is worthy of remark, that the different tribes are
      represented here as bringing their offerings precisely in the
      same order in which they encamped about the tabernacle, (see
      ch. 2; 10;)
      beginning at the East, then proceeding to the South, then to
      the West, and ending with the North, according to the course
      of the sun.  Their order may be thus viewed:
    
                                 East.
                         1.  Judah:  Nahshon.
                         2.  Issachar:  Nathaneel.
                         3.  Zebulun:  Eliab.
    
                                South.
                         4.  Reuben:  Elizur.
                         5.  Simeon:  Shelumiel.
                         6.  Gad:  Eliasaph.
    
                                 West.
                         7.  Ephraim:  Elishama.
                         8.  Manasseh:  Gamaliel.
                         9.  Benjamin:  Abidan.
    
                                North.
                        10.  Dan:  Ahiezer.
                        11.  Asher:  Pagiel.
                        12.  Naphtali:  Ahira.
    
      Thus God evinces that he "is not the author of confusion, but
      of peace."  (1 Co. 33 14:33.)  It is also worthy of remark, that
      every tribe offers the same kind of offering, and in the same
      quantity, to shew, that as every tribe was equally indebted
      to God for its support, so each should testify an equal sense
      of obligation.  Besides, the vessels were all sacrificial
      vessels, and the animals were all clean animals, such as were
      proper for sacrifices; and therefore everything was intended
      to point out, that the people were to be a holy people, fully
      dedicated to God, and that God was to dwell among them.
      Thus, as the priests, altar, etc. were anointed, and the
      tabernacle dedicated, so the people, by this offering, became
      consecrated to God.  Therefore every act here was a religious
      act.
    
    VERSE 18
        * Nu 1:8; 2:5
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - See on ver.
       * :12-17
    
    VERSE 20
        * :20
    
    VERSE 21
        * Ge 8:20 Ro 12:1 Eph 5:2
    
    VERSE 22
        * :22
    
    VERSE 23
        * Le 7:11-13 1Ki 8:63 Pr 7:14 Col 1:1
    
    VERSE 24
        * Nu 1:9; 2:7
    
    VERSE 25
        * :25
    
    VERSE 26
        * :26
    
    VERSE 27
        * Ps 50:8-14; 51:16 Isa 1:11 Jer 7:22 Am 5:22
    
    VERSE 28
    
    
    VERSE 29 
     - the offering.
       * 2Sa 24:22,23 Isa 32:8
    
    VERSE 30
        * Nu 1:5; 2:10
    
    
    VERSE 31 
     - offering.
       * :13-89
    - charger.
      {Krah,} in Arabic, {kran,} from {kra,} to be deep, a
      large deep dish or bowl.  It appears by the metal of which
      this charger and bowl were made, that they were for the use
      of the altar of burnt offerings in the outer court; for all
      the vessels of the sanctuary were of gold.  It was probably
      used for receiving the flesh of the sacrifices upon which the
      priests feasted, or the fine flour for the meat offerings.
    
    - Bowl.
      {Mizrak,} from {zarak,} to sprinkle, a bowl or bason, used in
      sprinkling the blood of the sacrifice.  (Ex 27:23.)
    
    
    VERSE 32 
     - spoon.
      {Kaph,} in Syriac, {kaphtho,} a pan or censer, on which the
      incense was put.  Both the metal of which it was made, and
      that which it contained, shew that it was for the use of the
      golden altar in the sanctuary.
    
    - incense.
       * Ps 66:15 Mal 1:11 Lu 1:10 Re 8:3
    
    VERSE 33
        * :33
    
    VERSE 34
    
    
    VERSE 35 
     - And for a sacrifice.
      These sacrifices were more numerous than the burnt offering
      or the sin offering; because the priests, the princes, and as
      many of the people as they invited, had a share of them, and
      feasted, with great rejoicing, before the Lord.  This custom,
      as Mr. Shelden observes, seems to have been imitated by the
      heathen, who dedicated their altars, temples, statues, etc.,
      with much ceremony.
    
       * Ac 20:35
    
    VERSE 36
        * Nu 1:6; 2:12
    
    VERSE 37
        * :13-89
    
    VERSE 38
        * :38
    
    VERSE 39
        * Ex 12:5 Joh 1:29 Ac 8:32 1Pe 1:19 Re 5:6
    
    VERSE 40
    
    
    VERSE 41 
     - the offering.
       * 2Co 9:5-7
    
    VERSE 42
        * Nu 1:14; 2:14
    - Son of Reuel.
    
    
    VERSE 43 
     - offering.
       * :13-89
    - mingled with oil.
       * Le 2:5; 14:10 Heb 1:9 1Jo 2:27
    
    VERSE 44
        * :44
    
    VERSE 45
        * Ps 66:15 Isa 53:4 2Co 5:21
    
    VERSE 46
    
    
    VERSE 47 
     - the offering.
       * Ex 35:29
    
    
    VERSE 48 
     - On the seventh.
      Both Jewish and Christian writers have been surprised that
      this work of offering went forward on the seventh day (which
      they suppose to have been a sabbath), as well as on the other
      days.  But, 1. there is no absolute proof that this seventh
      day of offering was a sabbath.  2.  Were it even so, could
      the people be better employed than in thus consecrating
      themselves and their services to the Lord?  We have already
      seen that every act was a religious act; and we may rest
      assured, that no day was too holy for the performance of such
      acts as are here recorded.  Here it may be observed, that
      Moses has thought fit to set down distinctly, and at full
      length, the offerings of the princes of each tribe, though,
      as we have already observed, they were the very same, both in
      quantity and quality, that an honorable mention might be
      made of every one apart, and that none might think himself in
      the least neglected.
    
    - Elishama.
       * Nu 1:10; 2:18
    
    VERSE 49
        * :13-89
    
    VERSE 50
        * :50
       Whether there were any prayers made for the gracious
      acceptance of the sacrifices which should be hereafter
      offered on the altar, we are not informed; but the sacrifices
      themselves were of the nature of supplications, and it is
      probable, that they who offered them, made humble petitions
      along with them.
    
    
    VERSE 51
       * :51
    
    VERSE 52
    
    
    VERSE 53 
     - the offering.
       * Ex 35:20-24
    
    VERSE 54
        * Nu 1:10; 2:20
    
    VERSE 55
        * :13-89
    
    VERSE 56
        * :56
    
    VERSE 57
        * :57
    
    VERSE 58
    
    
    VERSE 59 
     - the offering.
       * 2Ch 24:8-11
    
    VERSE 60
        * Nu 1:11; 2:22
    
    VERSE 61
        * :13-89
    
    VERSE 62
        * Ps 112:2 Isa 66:20 Da 9:27 Ro 15:16 Php 4:18 Heb 13:15
    
    VERSE 63
        * :63
    
    VERSE 64
    
    
    VERSE 65 
     - the offering.
       * Mr 12:41-44
    
    
    VERSE 66 
     - On the tenth day.
      When the twelve days of the dedication commenced cannot be
      easily determined; but the computation of F. Scacchus seems
      highly probable.  He supposes, that the tabernacle being
      erected the first day of the first month of the second year
      after the departure from Egypt, seven days were spent in the
      consecration of it, and the altar, etc.; and that on the
      eight day, Moses began to consecrate Aaron and his sons,
      which lasted seven days more.  Then, on the fourteenth day of
      that month, was the feast day of unleavened bread; which God
      commanded to be observed in the first month (ch. 9), and
      which lasted till the 22nd.  The rest of the month, we may
      well suppose, was spent in giving, receiving, and delivering
      the laws contained in the book of Leviticus; after which, on
      the first day of the second month, Moses began to number the
      people, according to the command in the beginning of this
      book; which may be supposed to have lasted three days.  On
      the fourth, the Levites were numbered; on the next day we may
      suppose they were offered to God, and given to the Priests;
      and on the sixth, they were expiated and consecrated, as we
      read in the following chapter.  On the seventh day, their
      several charges were assigned them, (ch. 4;) after which, he
      supposes the princes began to offer, on the eight day of the
      second month, for the dedication of the altar, which lasted
      till the nineteenth day inclusively; and on the twentieth day
      of this month, they removed from Sinai to the wilderness of
      Paran.  (ch. 11 10:11, 12.)
    
    - Ahiezer.
       * Nu 1:12; 2:25
    
    VERSE 67
        * :13-89
    
    VERSE 68
        * :68
    
    VERSE 69
        * :69
    
    VERSE 70
    
    
    VERSE 71 
     - the offering.
       * 2Co 8:1-4
    
    
    VERSE 72 
     - eleventh day.
      Dr. Adam Clarke remarks, that the Hebrew form of expression
      here, and in the 78th verse, has something curious in it;
      {beyom shtey sar yom,} "in the day, the first and tenth
      day;" {beyom shenim sar yom,} "in the day, two and tenth
      day."  But this is the idiom of the language; and to an
      original Hebrew, our almost anomalous words eleventh and
      twelfth, would appear as strange.
    
    - Pagiel.
       * Nu 1:13; 2:27
    
    VERSE 73
        * :13-89
      The oblations and sacrifices enumerated in verses 13 to 88
      were simple and plain, though costly and magnificent.  On
      this occasion we find there were offered 12 silver chargers,
      each weighing 130 shekels; 12 silver bowls, each 70 shekels;
      12 golden spoons, each 10 shekels; making the total amount of
      silver vessels 2,400 shekels, and that of golden vessels, 120
      shekels.  A silver charger, at 130 shekels, reduced to troy
      weight, makes 75 oz. 9 dwts. 16 8/31 gr.; and a silver bowl,
      at 70 shekels, amounts to 40 oz. 12 dwts. 21 21/31 gr.  The
      total weight of the 12 chargers is therefore 905 oz. 16 dwts.
      3 3/31 gr.; and that of the 12 bowls, 487 oz. 14 dwts. 20
      4/31 gr.; making the total weight of silver vessels 1,393 oz.
      10 dwts. 23 7/31 gr.  The golden spoons, allowing each to be
      5 oz. 16 dwts. 3 3/31 gr., amount to 69 oz. 3 dwts. 13 5/31
      gr.  Besides these, there were for sacrifice--
    
                      Bullocks  .  .  .  .  .  . 12
                      Rams      .  .  .  .  .  . 12
                      Lambs     .  .  .  .  .  . 12
                      Goats     .  .  .  .  .  . 24
                      Rams      .  .  .  .  .  . 60
                      He goats  .  .  .  .  .  . 60
                      Lambs     .  .  .  .  .  . 60
    
      By this we may at once see, that though the place in which
      they now sojourned was a wilderness as to cities, villages,
      and regular inhabitants, yet there was plenty of pasturage;
      else the Israelites could not have furnished these cattle,
      with all the sacrifices necessary for different occasions,
      and especially for the passover, which must of itself have
      required an immense number of lambs, when each family of
      600,000 males was obliged to provide one.  (ch. 9.)
    
    VERSE 74
        * :74
    
    VERSE 75
        * :75
    
    VERSE 76
    
    
    VERSE 77 
     - the offering.
       * Php 4:17,18
    
    VERSE 78
        * Nu 1:15; 2:29
    
    VERSE 79
        * :13-89
    
    VERSE 80
        * :80
    
    VERSE 81
        * :81
    
    VERSE 82
    
    
    VERSE 83 
     - the offering.
       * Ro 11:35,36
    
    
    VERSE 84 
     - the dedication.  See on ver.
       * :10 1Ch 29:6-8 Ezr 2:68,69 Ne 7:70-72 Isa 60:6-10 Heb 13:10
       * Re 21:14
    - the princes.
    J   * Jud 5:9 Ne 3:9
    
    
    VERSE 85 
     - two thousand.
       * 1Ch 22:14; 29:4,7 Ezr 8:25,26
    - after the shekel.  See on ver.
       * :13
    
    VERSE 86
        * :86
    
    VERSE 87
    
    
    VERSE 88 
     - that it was anointed.
       * :1,10,84
    
    
    VERSE 89 
     - to speak.
       * Nu 12:8 Ex 33:9-11
    - him.  that is, God.  he heard.
       * Nu 1:1 Ex 25:22 Le 1:1 Heb 4:16
    - two cherubims.
       * Ex 25:18-21 1Sa 4:4 1Ki 6:23 Ps 80:1 1Pe 1:12
    
    
    
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