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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    NUMBERS 8

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      1  How the lamps are to be lighted.
     5  The consecration of the Levites.
    23  The age and time of their service.
    
      When this was spoken, says Bp. Patrick, is not certain.  If
      Moses went into the tabernacle immediately after the princes
      had offered, (ch. 89 7:89,) it may be thought he then spake
      these things unto him; but both this and what follows,
      concerning the Levites, seem rather to have been delivered
      after the order for giving them to the priests, and
      appointing their several charges.  (ch. 3; 4.)  But some
      other things intervening, which depended upon what had been
      ordered respecting their camp, and that of the Israelites,
      Moses omits this until he had stated them, and some other
      matters which he had received from God.  (See ch. 11 7:11.)
    
    
    VERSE 1
       * :1
    
    VERSE 2
        * Ex 25:37; 37:18,19,23; 40:25 Le 24:1,2 Ps 105 119:105,130 Isa 8:20
       * Mt 5:14 Joh 1:9 2Pe 1:19 Re 1:12,20; 2:1; 4:5
    
    
    VERSE 3 
     - as the Lord commanded.
       * Ps 40:7,8 Joh 8:28,29 Heb 3:1-6
    
    
    VERSE 4 
     - this work.
       * Ex 25:31-39; 37:17-24
    - beaten work.
       * Ex 25:18; 37:7,17,22
    - the pattern.
       * Ex 25:9,40 1Ch 28:11-19 Heb 8:5; 9:23
    
    VERSE 5
    
    
    VERSE 6 
     - cleanse them.
       * Ex 19:15 2Co 7:1 Jas 8 4:8
    
    
    VERSE 7 
     - Sprinkle.
       * Le 8:6; 14:7 Isa 52:15 Eze 36:25 Heb 9:10
    - water.
       * Nu 19:9,10,13,17-19 Ps 51:7 Heb 9:13
    - let them shave.  Heb. let them cause a razor to pass over,
      etc.
       * Le 14:8,9
    - wash their.
       * Nu 19:7,8,10,19; 31:20 Ge 35:2 Ex 19:10 Le 15:6,10,11,27; 16:28
       * Ps 51:2 Jer 4:14 Mt 23:25,26 Jas 8 4:8 1Pe 3:21 Re 7:14
    
    
    VERSE 8 
     - a young.
       * Ex 29:1,3 Le 1:3; 8:2
    - his meat.
       * Nu 15:8,9 Le 2:1
    - another.
       * Le 4:3,14; 16:3 Isa 53:10 Ro 8:3 2Co 5:21
    
    
    VERSE 9 
     - thou shalt bring.
       * Ex 29:4-37; 40:12
    - shalt gather the whole.
      The words, {kol ƒdath,} which are rendered "the whole
      assembly," often signify all the elders, or principal persons
      in the several tribes.  (ch. 4 15:4; 7 25:7; 12 35:12.)  And they
      cannot well have any other sense here; for it would be
      impossible for all the children of Israel to put their hands
      on the Levites, as stated in the next verse.
    
       * Le 8:3
    
    VERSE 10
        * Nu 3:45 Le 1:4 Ac 6:6; 13:2,3 1Ti 4:14; 5:22
    
    
    VERSE 11 
     - offer.  Heb. wave.  offering.  Heb. wave-offering.
      Not that they were actually waved, but they were presented to
      God, as the God of heaven, and the Lord of the whole earth,
      as the wave offerings were; and in calling them
      wave-offerings, it was intimated to them that they must move
      to and fro with readiness in the business of their
      profession.
    
       * Nu 6:20 Ex 29:24 Le 7:30; 8:27,29
    - they may execute.  Heb. they may be to execute, etc.
       * Nu 1:49-53; 3:5-43
    
    
    VERSE 12 
     - Levites.
       * Ex 29:10 Le 1:4; 8:14; 16:21
    - the one.
       * :8; 6:14,16 Le 5:7,9,10; 8:14,18; 9:7; 14:19,20,22 Heb 10:4-10
    - atonement.
       * Le 1:4; 4:20,35; 8:34; 16:6,11,16-19 Heb 9:22
    
    
    VERSE 13 
     - offer them.
      {Wehainaphta othom tenoophath,} literlly, as in ver. 11, "and
      thou shalt wave them for a wave-offering;" manifestly in
      allusion to the ancient sacrificial rite of waving the
      sacrifices before the Lord; and it is probable, that some
      significant action, analogous to the waving of the sacrifice,
      was employed on this occasion; for the Levites were
      considered as an offering to the Lord, to whose service they
      were wholly dedicated.  To this the apostle Paul manifestly
      alludes, when, in writing to the Romans, he says, (ch. 1 12:1,)
      "I beseech you, therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God,
      that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy,
      acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service."
    
       * :11,21; 18:6 Ro 12:1; 15:16
    
    
    VERSE 14 
     - separate.
       * Nu 6:2 De 10:8 Ro 1:1 Ga 1:15 Heb 7:26
    - and the Levites.
       * :17; 3:45; 16:9,10; 18:6 Mal 3:17
    
    
    VERSE 15 
     - go in.
       * :11; 3:23-37; 4:3-32 1Ch 23:1-32; 25:1-32 26:32
    - and offer.  See on ver.
       * :11,13; 3:12
    
    
    VERSE 16 
     - wholly given.
      {Nethunim, nethunim,} "given; given;" The word being
      repeated, "because," says Bp.  Patrick, "the children of
      Israel had devoted them to him, by laying their hands upon
      them, (ver. 10,) and Aaron had waved them as a wave-offering
      to the Lord."  (ver. 11.)
    
    - instead of such.
      Houbigant, on the authority of the Samaritan, reads, "instead
      of every first-born of the children of Israel, who openeth
      the womb."
    
       * Nu 3:12,45
    
    
    VERSE 17 
     - all the.
       * Nu 3:13 Ex 13:2,12-15 Lu 2:23
    - on the day.
       * Ex 12:29 Ps 78:51; 105:36; 135:8 Heb 11:28
    - I sanctified.
       * Ex 13:14,15; 29:44 Le 27:14,15,26 Eze 20:12 Joh 10:36; 17:19
       * Heb 10:29 Jas 1:18
    
    
    VERSE 18 
     - I have taken.
       * Nu 16:8,9 Mt 1:23-25 Lu 2:23
    
    
    VERSE 19 
     - I have given.
       * Nu 3:6-9; 18:2-6 1Ch 23:28-32 Eze 44:11-14
    - a gift.  Heb. given.  that there.
       * Nu 1:53; 16:46; 18:5 1Sa 6:19 2Ch 26:16-20
    
    VERSE 20
    
    
    VERSE 21 
     - were purified.  See on ver.
       * :7; 19:12,19
    - offered.  See on ver.
       * :11-13,15; 3:12
    - Aaron made.
       * :12
    
    
    VERSE 22 
     - after that.
       * :15 2Ch 30:15-17,27; 31:2; 35:8-15
    - as the Lord.
       * :5-26
    
    VERSE 23
    
    
    VERSE 24 
     - from twenty.
      In ch. 3 4:3, the Levites are appointed to the service of the
      tabernacle at the age of 30 years; and in 1 Ch 24 23:24, they
      are ordered to commence their work at 20 years of age.  In
      order to reconcile this apparent discrepancy, it is to be
      observed, 1.  At the time of which Moses speaks in ch. 3 4:3,
      the Levitical service was exceedingly severe, and
      consequently required full grown, robust men, to perform it;
      the age of 30 was therefore appointed as the period for
      commencing this service, the weightier part of which was
      probably there intended.  2.  In this place God seems to
      speak of the service in a general way:  hence the age of 25
      is fixed.  3.  In David's time, and afterwards, in the fixed
      tabernacle and temple, the laboriousness of the service no
      longer existed, and hence 20 years was the age appointed.
    
       * Nu 4:3,23 1Ch 23:3,24-27; 28:12,13
    - wait upon.  Heb. war the warfare of, etc.
       * 1Co 9:7 2Co 10:4 1Ti 1:18; 6:12 2Ti 2:3-5
    
    
    VERSE 25 
     - cease waiting upon the service thereof.  Heb. return from the
      warfare of the service.
       * Nu 4:23 2Ti 4:7
      The Levites, above fifty years of age, might superintend and
      assist their junior brethren in the ordinary offices, and
      give them and the people counsel and instruction; but they
      were exempted from carrying the tabernacle and from other
      laborious services.  It is remarkable, that no law was made
      concerning the age at which the priests should begin to
      officiate, and though various blemishes disqualified them for
      the service of the sanctuary, yet they continued their
      ministrations till death, if capable.  On the other hand,
      nothing is said concerning any bodily defects or blemishes
      disqualifying the Levites; but the time of their service is
      expressly settled.  Their work was far more laborious than
      that of the priests; it is therefore likely that the priests
      would not begin very early to officiate; and the wisdom and
      experience of age would increase, rather than diminish, their
      fitness for the sacred duties of their office.
    
    
    VERSE 26 
     - to keep.
       * Nu 1:53; 3:32; 18:4; 31:30 1Ch 23:32; 26:20-29 Eze 44:8,11
    - and shall.
       * 1Ti 4:15
    
    
    
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