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PARALLEL BIBLE - Philippians 3:3

CHAPTERS: Philippians 1, 2, 3, 4     

VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21




King James Bible - Philippians 3:3

For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.

World English Bible

For we are the circumcision, who worship God in the Spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh;

Douay-Rheims - Philippians 3:3

For we are the circumcision, who in spirit serve God; and glory in Christ Jesus, not having confidence in the flesh.

Webster's Bible Translation

For we are the circumcision, who worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.

Greek Textus Receptus

2249 γαρ 1063 εσμεν 2070 5748 η 3588 περιτομη 4061 οι 3588 πνευματι 4151 θεω 2316 λατρευοντες 3000 5723 και 2532 καυχωμενοι 2744 5740 εν 1722 χριστω 5547 ιησου 2424 και 2532 ουκ 3756 εν 1722 σαρκι 4561 πεποιθοτες 3982 5756

Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

VERSE (3) -
Ge 17:5-11 De 10:16; 30:6 Jer 4:4; 9:26 Ro 2:25-29; 4:11,12

SEV Biblia, Chapter 3:3

Porque nosotros somos la circuncisin, los que servimos en espíritu a Dios, y nos gloriamos en el Cristo Jess, no teniendo confianza en la carne.

Clarke's Bible Commentary - Philippians 3:3

Verse 3. We are the
circumcision] WE, who have embraced the faith of Christ crucified, are now entered into the new covenant, and according to that new covenant, worship God in the Spirit, exulting, kaucwmenoi, making our boast of Christ Jesus, as our only saviour, having no confidence in the flesh - in any outward rite or ceremony prescribed by the Jewish institutions.

John Gill's Bible Commentary

Ver. 3. For we are the
circumcision , etc.] And not they; they have the name, and we the thing, or that which legal circumcision was a shadow of, namely, circumcision of the heart; which lies in being pricked to the heart under a true sense of sin; in having the hardness of the heart removed, and the iniquity of it laid to open view; in pain and contrition of heart about it, joined with shame for it, and loathing of it, the consequence of which is, a putting off of the body of the sins of the flesh, ( Colossians 2:11), according to the former conversation; and also in a renouncing a man's own righteousness in point of justification before God, and acceptance with him. All which is the work of God, and not man, and is therefore called the circumcision made without hands, ( Colossians 2:11); it has God, and not man, for its author; and its praise is of God, and not of men; and its seat is in the heart and spirit, and not in the flesh; and such whose hearts are circumcised to love the Lord their God, and fear him, are the true circumcision: which worship God in the spirit . The object of worship is God, and him only; not a creature animate or inanimate, stocks or stones, beasts, birds, men, or angels; only God, Father, Son, and Spirit: that the Father is to be worshipped, is not disputed, (see John 4:21,23); and the Son is to be worshipped with the same worship the Father is; since he is in the form of God, and equal to him, is the Creator of all the Lord of angels and men, and is to be, and is worshipped by both; prayer is made unto him, baptism is administered in his name, and trust and confidence are placed in him; and so is the Holy Ghost, he being equally God with the Father and the Son, and therefore the same homage is to be given to him as to them: and so some indeed read the words here, which worship God the Spirit; or the Spirit, who is God. Worship is either inward or outward; inward worship lies in the exercise of grace on God, as of faith, hope, love, fear, etc. outward worship is the performance of certain external actions required by God, and both are to be performed: and it is also either private or public; private worship is in the closet, or in the family, and consists of praying, singing of praises, etc. public worship lies in tire observance of the outward ordinances of preaching, praying, hearing singing, etc. in the church of God; even all such ordinances as God has appointed, which are recorded in the Scriptures, and are confirmed by the authority of Christ. The manner in which worship is to be performed, is in the Spirit; either in and with the Spirit of God, without whose grace and assistance no part of it can be performed well. And the Alexandrian copy reads, which worship in the Spirit of God; and so the Complutensian edition, and several copies. Or in and with our own hearts and spirits, which should be engaged in every part of religious worship with much attention, diligence, and fervency; or in a spiritual manner, in opposition to the carnal worship of the Jews, and the bodily exercise of formal professors; and which lies in drawing nigh to God with true hearts, sincere and fervent ones, with grace in them, and that in exercise: and rejoice in Christ Jesus ; or glory in him, and make their boast of him; for a different word is here used from that in ( Philippians 3:1). Such who have a true sense of themselves, and a spiritual sight of Christ, will not glory in themselves, in their wisdom, strength, riches, or righteousness, but in Christ, in his wisdom and strength, in his riches and righteousness, and in his person and grace only: and have no confidence in the flesh ; in any carnal descent, or birth privilege, as to be of the seed of Abraham, of the of Israel, or of such a tribe, or family, or born of such a parent; nor in circumcision, or any of the carnal ordinances of the ceremonial law; nor in any civil, moral, legal, and external righteousness, for so to do is but to make flesh an arm; or indeed to trust in anything out of Christ, or short of him; and all this makes up the character and description of a true believer in Christ.

Matthew Henry Commentary

Verses 1-11 - Sincere
Christians rejoice in Christ Jesus. The prophet calls the fals prophets dumb dogs, Isa 56:10; to which the apostle seems to refer Dogs, for their malice against faithful professors of the gospel of Christ, barking at them and biting them. They urged human works i opposition to the faith of Christ; but Paul calls them evil-workers. He calls them the concision; as they rent the church of Christ, and cut it to pieces. The work of religion is to no purpose, unless the heart is in it, and we must worship God in the strength and grace of the Divin Spirit. They rejoice in Christ Jesus, not in mere outward enjoyment and performances. Nor can we too earnestly guard against those wh oppose or abuse the doctrine of free salvation. If the apostle woul have gloried and trusted in the flesh, he had as much cause as any man But the things which he counted gain while a Pharisee, and had reckone up, those he counted loss for Christ. The apostle did not persuade the to do any thing but what he himself did; or to venture on any thing but that on which he himself ventured his never-dying soul. He deemed all these things to be but loss, compared with the knowledge of Christ, by faith in his person and salvation. He speaks of all worldly enjoyment and outward privileges which sought a place with Christ in his heart or could pretend to any merit and desert, and counted them but loss but it might be said, It is easy to say so; but what would he do when he came to the trial? He had suffered the loss of all for the privileges of a Christian. Nay, he not only counted them loss, but the vilest refuse, offals thrown to dogs; not only less valuable tha Christ, but in the highest degree contemptible, when set up as agains him. True knowledge of Christ alters and changes men, their judgment and manners, and makes them as if made again anew. The believer prefer Christ, knowing that it is better for us to be without all worldl riches, than without Christ and his word. Let us see what the apostl resolved to cleave to, and that was Christ and heaven. We are undone without righteousness wherein to appear before God, for we are guilty There is a righteousness provided for us in Jesus Christ, and it is complete and perfect righteousness. None can have benefit by it, wh trust in themselves. Faith is the appointed means of applying the saving benefit. It is by faith in Christ's blood. We are mad conformable to Christ's death, when we die to sin, as he died for sin and the world is crucified to us, and we to the world, by the cross of Christ. The apostle was willing to do or to suffer any thing, to attai the glorious resurrection of saints. This hope and prospect carried his through all difficulties in his work. He did not hope to attain it through his own merit and righteousness, but through the merit an righteousness of Jesus Christ. (Php 3:12-21)

Greek Textus Receptus

2539 CONJ εγω 1473 P-1NS εχων 2192 5723 V-PAP-NSM πεποιθησιν 4006 N-ASF και 2532 CONJ εν 1722 PREP σαρκι 4561 N-DSF ει 1487 COND τις 5100 X-NSM δοκει 1380 5719 V-PAI-3S αλλος 243 A-NSM πεποιθεναι 3982 5755 V-2RAN εν 1722 PREP σαρκι 4561 N-DSF εγω 1473 P-1NS μαλλον 3123 ADV

Vincent's NT Word Studies

3. The
circumcision. The abstract term for those who are circumcised. In the Old Testament, circumcision was a metaphor for purity. See Leviticus xxvi. 41; Deut. x. 16; xxx. 6; Ezek. xliv. 7, etc.

Worship God in the spirit (pneumati Qew latreuontev). The correct reading is qeou of God. Render, as Rev., worship by the Spirit of God. Worship. See on Apoc. xxii. 3. Paul uses the Jews' word which denoted their own service of Jehovah as His peculiar people. Compare Acts xxvi. 7. A Jew would be scandalized by the application of this term to Christian worship.

Rejoice in Christ Jesus (kaucwmenoi). Rev., better, glory. Compare Jer. ix. 23, 24, and 1 Cor. i. 31; 2 Cor. x. 17. In the flesh. External privileges of every kind.

Robertson's NT Word Studies

3:3 {For we} (hemeis gar). We believers in Christ, the children of Abraham by faith, whether Jew or Gentile, the spiritual circumcision in contrast to the merely physical (#Ro 2:25-29; Col 2:11; Eph 2:11). See #Ga 5:12 for apotemnein (to cut off) in sense of mutilation also. {By the Spirit of God} (pneumati qeou). Instrumental case, though the dative case as the object of latreuw makes good sense also (worshipping the Spirit of God) or even the locative (worshipping in the Spirit of God). {No} (ouk). Actual condition rather than me with the participle. {In the flesh} (en sarki). Technical term in Paul's controversy with the Judaizers (#2Co 11:18; Gal 6:13f.). External privileges beyond mere flesh.

CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4
VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21


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