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CHAPTERS: Galatians 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6     

VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24




LXX- Greek Septuagint - Galatians 1:1

παυλος 3972 αποστολος 652 ουκ 3756 απ 575 ανθρωπων 444 ουδε 3761 δι 1223 ανθρωπου 444 αλλα 235 δια 1223 ιησου 2424 χριστου 5547 και 2532 θεου 2316 πατρος 3962 του 3588 εγειραντος 1453 5660 αυτον 846 εκ 1537 νεκρων 3498

Douay Rheims Bible

Paul, an apostle, not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead,

King James Bible - Galatians 1:1

Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead;)

World English Bible

Paul, an apostle (not from men, neither through man, but through Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead),

Early Church Father Links

Anf-01 Pg 6, Anf-01 iv.ii.xii Pg 6, Anf-01 Pg 3, Anf-01 ix.iv.xiv Pg 11, Anf-03 Pg 25, Anf-03 Pg 37, Anf-03 v.ix.xxviii Pg 8, Anf-03 Pg 36, Anf-05 iii.iv.ii.i Pg 44, Anf-08 vii.xxv.i Pg 70, Npnf-107 Pg 18, Npnf-109 iii.xiii Pg 25, Npnf-111 vi.xxii Pg 14, Npnf-111 vi.xxvii Pg 11, Npnf-111 vi.xxxiii Pg 36, Npnf-111 Pg 8, Npnf-112 v.i Pg 22, Npnf-113 iii.iii.i Pg 10, Npnf-114 v.iii Pg 15, Npnf-114 v.iii Pg 116, Npnf-114 vi.iii Pg 15, Npnf-114 vi.iii Pg 116, Npnf-201 iii.vii.ii Pg 53, Npnf-209 ii.v.ii.xi Pg 61, Npnf-210 iv.iv.vii.iv Pg 23, Npnf-211 iv.iv.x.xxxiv Pg 26, Npnf-211 iv.vii.iv.iv Pg 3, Npnf-211 iv.vii.viii.vii Pg 3

World Wide Bible Resources

Galatians 1:1

Early Christian Commentary - (A.D. 100 - A.D. 325)

Anf-01 Pg 6
Comp. Gal. i. 1.

or out of vainglory, but by the love of Jesus Christ, and of God the Father, who raised Him from the dead; at whose meekness I am struck with admiration, and who by His silence is able to accomplish more than they who talk a great deal. For he is in harmony with the commandments and ordinances of the Lord, even as the strings are with the harp, and is no less blameless than was Zacharias the priest.888


Anf-01 iv.ii.xii Pg 6
Gal. i. 1.

Pray for all the saints. Pray also for kings,409


Anf-01 Pg 3
Comp. Gal. i. 1.

nor through vainglory, but by the love of God the Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ; at whose meekness I am struck with admiration, and who by his silence is able to accomplish more than those who vainly talk. For he is in harmony with the commandments [of God], even as the harp is with its strings. Wherefore my soul declares his mind towards God a happy one, knowing it to be virtuous and perfect, and that his stability as well as freedom from all anger is after the example of the infinite886

886 Literally, “all.”

meekness of the living God.

Anf-01 ix.iv.xiv Pg 11
Gal. i. 1.

[so with the rest;]3536

3536 Some such supplement seems necessary, as Grabe suggests, though Harvey contends that no apodosis is requisite.

the Son indeed leading them to the Father, but the Father revealing to them the Son.

Anf-03 Pg 25
Gal. i. 1.

Of course, any one may make a profession concerning himself; but his profession is only rendered valid by the authority of a second person. One man signs, another countersigns;5212

5212 Subscribit.

one man appends his seal, another registers in the public records.5213

5213 Actis refert.

No one is at once a proposer and a seconder to himself. Besides, you have read, no doubt, that “many shall come, saying, I am Christ.”5214


Anf-03 Pg 37
Gal. i. 1.

thence am I led to believe the Apostle himself; thence do I find reason for rejecting your defence of him,5224

5224 Inde te a defensione ejus expello.

and for bearing fearlessly your taunt.  “Then you deny the Apostle Paul.”  I do not calumniate him whom I defend.5225

5225 An insinuation that Marcion’s defence of Paul was, in fact, a calumny of the apostle.

I deny him, to compel you to the proof of him. I deny him, to convince you that he is mine. If you have regard to our belief you should admit the particulars which comprise it. If you challenge us to your belief, (pray) tell us what things constitute its basis.5226

5226 Præstruant eam.

Either prove the truth of what you believe, or failing in your proof, (tell us) how you believe. Else what conduct is yours,5227

5227 Qualis es.

believing in opposition to Him from whom alone comes the proof of that which you believe? Take now from my point of view5228

5228 Habe nunc de meo.

the apostle, in the same manner as you have received the Christ—the apostle shown to be as much mine as the Christ is. And here, too, we will fight within the same lines, and challenge our adversary on the mere ground of a simple rule,5229

5229 In ipso gradu præscriptionis.

that even an apostle who is said not to belong to the Creator—nay, is displayed as in actual hostility to the Creator—can be fairly regarded as teaching5230

5230 Oportere docere…sapere…velle.

nothing, knowing nothing, wishing nothing in favour of the Creator whilst it would be a first principle with him to set forth5231

5231 Edicere.

another god with as much eagerness as he would use in withdrawing us from the law of the Creator. It is not at all likely that he would call men away from Judaism without showing them at the same time what was the god in whom he invited them to believe; because nobody could possibly pass from allegiance to the Creator without knowing to whom he had to cross over. For either Christ had already revealed another god—in which case the apostle’s testimony would also follow to the same effect, for fear of his not being else regarded5232

5232 Ne non haberetur.

as an apostle of the god whom Christ had revealed, and because of the impropriety of his being concealed by the apostle who had been already revealed by Christ—or Christ had made no such revelation concerning God; then there was all the greater need why the apostle should reveal a God who could now be made known by no one else, and who would undoubtedly be left without any belief at all, if he were revealed not even by an apostle. We have laid down this as our first principle, because we wish at once to profess that we shall pursue the same method here in the apostle’s case as we adopted before in Christ’s case, to prove that he proclaimed no new god;5233

5233 Nullum alium deum circumlatum.

that is, we shall draw our evidence from the epistles of St. Paul himself. Now, the garbled form in which we have found the heretic’s Gospel will have already prepared us to expect to find5234

5234 Præjudicasse debebit.

the epistles also mutilated by him with like perverseness—and that even as respects their number.5235

5235 Marcion only received ten of St. Paul’s epistles, and these altered by himself.

Anf-03 v.ix.xxviii Pg 8
Gal. i. 1.

You possess indeed all his writings, which testify plainly to the same effect, and set forth Two—God the Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father.  (They also testify) that Jesus is Himself the Christ, and under one or the other designation the Son of God.  For precisely by the same right as both names belong to the same Person, even the Son of God, does either name alone without the other belong to the same Person. Consequently, whether it be the name Jesus which occurs alone, Christ is also understood, because Jesus is the Anointed One; or if the name Christ is the only one given, then Jesus is identified with Him, because the Anointed One is Jesus. Now, of these two names Jesus Christ, the former is the proper one, which was given to Him by the angel; and the latter is only an adjunct, predicable of Him from His anointing,—thus suggesting the proviso that Christ must be the Son, not the Father. How blind, to be sure, is the man who fails to perceive that by the name of Christ some other God is implied, if he ascribes to the Father this name of Christ! For if Christ is God the Father, when He says, “I ascend unto my Father and your Father, and to my God and your God,”8168


Anf-03 Pg 36
Although St. Luke wrote the Acts of the Apostles, Marcion does not seem to have admitted this book into his New Testament. “It is clearly excluded from his catalogue, as given by Epiphanius. The same thing appears from the more ancient authority of Tertullian, who begins his Book v. against Marcion with showing the absurdity of his conduct in rejecting the history and acts of the apostles, and yet receiving St. Paul as the chief of the apostles, whose name is never mentioned in the Gospel with the other apostles, especially since the account given by Paul himself in Gal. i.–ii. confirms the account which we have in the Acts. But the reason why he rejected this book is (as Tertullian says) very evident, since from it we can plainly show that the God of the Christians and the God of the Jews, or the Creator, was the same being and that Christ was sent by Him, and by no other” (Lardner’s Works, Hist. of Heretics, chap. x. sec. 41).

at all events, have handed down to me this career of Paul, which you must not refuse to accept. Thence I demonstrate that from a persecutor he became “an apostle, not of men, neither by man;”5223


Npnf-201 iii.vii.ii Pg 53

Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge, Chapter 1

VERSE 	(1) - 

Ro 1:1 1Co 1:1


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