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PARALLEL BIBLE - Hebrews 3:1

CHAPTERS: Hebrews 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13     

VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19




King James Bible - Hebrew 3:1

Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus;

World English Bible

Therefore, holy brothers, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, Jesus;

Douay-Rheims - Hebrew 3:1

Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly vocation, consider the apostle and high priest of our confession, Jesus:

Webster's Bible Translation

Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus;

Greek Textus Receptus

3606 αδελφοι 80 αγιοι 40 κλησεως 2821 επουρανιου 2032 μετοχοι 3353 κατανοησατε 2657 5657 τον 3588 αποστολον 652 και 2532 αρχιερεα 749 της 3588 ομολογιας 3671 ημων 2257 χριστον 5547 ιησουν 2424

Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

VERSE (1) -
Col 1:22; 3:12 1Th 5:27 2Ti 1:9 1Pe 2:9; 3:5 2Pe 1:3-10 Re 18:20

SEV Biblia, Chapter 3:1

¶ Por tanto, hermanos, santos, participantes de la vocacin celestial, considerad al Apstol y Sumo Sacerdote de nuestra profesin, Cristo Jess,

Clarke's Bible Commentary - Hebrew 3:1

Verse 1. Holy
brethren] Persons consecrated to God, as the word literally implies, and called, in consequence, to be holy in heart, holy in life, and useful in the world. The Israelites are often called a holy people, saints, &c., because consecrated to God, and because they were bound by their profession to be holy; and yet these appellations are given to them in numberless instances where they were very unholy. The not attending to this circumstance, and the not discerning between actual positive holiness, and the call to it, as the consecration of the persons, has led many commentators and preachers into destructive mistakes. Antinomianism has had its origin here: and as it was found that many persons were called saints, who, in many respects, were miserable sinners, hence it has been inferred that they were called saints in reference to a holiness which they had in another; and hence the Antinomian imputation of Christ's righteousness to unholy believers, whose hearts were abominable before God, and whose lives were a scandal to the Gospel. Let, therefore, a due distinction be made between persons by their profession holy, i.e. consecrated to God; and persons who are faithful to that profession, and are both inwardly and outwardly holy. They are not all Israel who are of Israel: a man, by a literal circumcision, may be a Jew outwardly; but the circumcision of the heart by the Spirit makes a man a Jew inwardly. A man may be a Christian in profession, and not such in heart; and those who pretend that, although they are unholy in themselves, they are reputed holy in Christ, because his righteousness is imputed to them, most awfully deceive their own souls.

Dr. Owen has spoken well on the necessity of personal holiness against the Antinomians of his day. "If a man be not made holy he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. It is this that makes them meet for the inheritance of the saints in light; as without it they are not meet for their duty, so are they not capable of their reward. Yea, heaven itself, in the true light and notion of it, is undesirable to an unsanctified person. Such a one neither can nor would enjoy God if he might. In a word, there is no one thing required of the sons of God that an unsanctified person can do, and no one thing promised unto them that he can enjoy.

"There is surely then a woful mistake in the world. If Christ sanctify all whom he saves, many will appear to have been mistaken in their expectations at another day. It is grown amongst us almost an abhorrency to all flesh to say, the Church of God is to be holy. What! though God has promised that it should be so; that Christ has undertaken to make it so? What! if it be required to be so? What! if all the duties of it be rejected of God, if it be not so? It is all one, if men be baptized, whether they will or not, and outwardly profess the name of Christ, though not one of them be truly sanctified, yet they are, it is said, the Church of Christ. Why then let them be so; but what are they the better for it? Are their persons or their services therefore accepted with God? Are they related or united to Christ? Are they under his conduct unto glory? Are they meet for the inheritance of the saints in light? Not at all: not all nor any of these things do they obtain thereby. What is it then that they get by the furious contest which they make for the reputation of this privilege? Only this: that, satisfying their minds by it, resting if not priding themselves in it, they obtain many advantages to stifle all convictions of their condition, and so perish unavoidably. A sad success, and for ever to be bewailed! Yet is there nothing at all at this day more contended for in this world than that Christ might be thought to be a captain of salvation to them, unto whom he is not a sanctifier; that he may have an unholy Church, a dead body.

These things tend neither to the glory of Christ, nor to the good of the souls of men. Let none then deceive themselves; sanctification is a qualification indispensably necessary to them who will be under the conduct of the Lord Christ unto salvation; he leads none to heaven but whom he sanctifies on earth. The holy God will not receive unholy persons. This living head will not admit of dead members, nor bring men into possession of a glory which they neither love nor like." Heavenly calling] The Israelites had an earthly calling; they were called out of Egypt to go into the promised land: Christians have a heavenly calling; they are invited to leave the bondage of sin, and go to the kingdom of God. These were made partakers of this calling; they had already embraced the Gospel, and were brought into a state of salvation.

Apostle and High Priest of our profession] Among the Jews the high priest was considered to be also the apostle of God; and it is in conformity to this notion that the apostle speaks. And he exhorts the Hebrews to consider Jesus Christ to be both their High Priest and Apostle; and to expect these offices to be henceforth fulfilled by him, and by him alone.

This was the fullest intimation that the Mosaic economy was at an end, and the priesthood changed. By thv omologiav hmwn, our profession, or that confession of ours, the apostle undoubtedly means the Christian religion. Jesus was the Apostle of the Father, and has given to mankind the new covenant; and we are to consider the whole system of Christianity as coming immediately from him. Every system of religion must have a priest and a prophet; the one to declare the will of God, the other to minister in holy things. Moses was the apostle under the old testament, and Aaron the priest. When Moses was removed, the prophets succeeded him; and the sons of Aaron were the priests after the death of their father. This system is now annulled; and Jesus is the Prophet who declares the Father's will, and he is the Priest who ministers in the things pertaining to God, see chap. ii. 17; as he makes atonement for the sins of the people, and is the Mediator between God and man.

John Gill's Bible Commentary

Ver. 1. Wherefore, holy brethren , etc..] The apostle calls the Hebrews brethren, not because they were of the same natural stock and lineage, but because they were in the same spiritual relation; they all had the same Father, belonged to the same family, were the adopted sons of God, the brethren of Christ, of one another, and of the apostle; and they were holy, not by birth, nor by their external separation from other nations, but through sanctification of the Spirit; and they were so by profession, and in the opinion of the apostle: partakers of the heavenly calling ; by which is meant not any business, or employment of life; nor a call to any office in church or state; nor a mere external call by the ministry of the word; but an internal special call of grace, to the enjoyment of the blessings of grace here, and to glory hereafter; and which is not according, to works, but according to the grace of God, and is by powerful, efficacious, and irresistible grace: and this is said to be heavenly, because the grace by which the saints are called is from heaven, and it is to heaven they are called; and the means of their calling, the Gospel, is from heaven; and this epistle epithet is used to show the excellency of their calling, and to distinguish it from all others: and this the Hebrews are said to be partakers of; which shows, that God had not utterly cast off that people, and yet that they were not the only persons that enjoyed the grace of the effectual calling, they were but partners with others; and that the saints are alike sharers in this blessing, they are called in one hope of their calling; and it denotes the truth and reality of it: the duty they are exhorted to is, to consider the apostle and high priest of our profession, Christ Jesus ; the Alexandrian copy, the Vulgate Latin and Ethiopic versions, read, only Jesus; who is called the apostle, because he was sent of God to preach the Gospel, work miracles, and do the will of God, particularly to obtain redemption and salvation for his people, which mission does not suppose any inequality of persons, or change of place, or any compulsion or disrespect to Christ, but love to men; and is to be understood of him as in office as Mediator, and shows his authority, and that he was no impostor.

The high priest among the Jews was, on the day of atonement, considered as jyl , an apostle, or messenger f42 ; for so the elders of the sanhedrim address him on that day, saying, Lord high priest, we are the messengers of the sanhedrim, and thou art wnyjwl , our apostle, or messenger, and the messenger of the sanhedrim.

And it follows here, and the high priest of our profession; which may be understood either objectively, whom they professed, both by words or deeds; for a profession of him should be public, visible, and sincere; or efficiently, he being the author, sum, and substance of the religion, faith, and Gospel which was professed by them: and he is to be considered in the greatness and dignity of his person, as the Son of God; and in his wondrous grace and love in assuming human nature, and dying for his people; and in the relations he stands in to them as a Father, husband, brother, friend; and in his several offices, as Mediator, and particularly as sent of God, to be the Saviour of sinners; and as the high priest, who has offered himself a sacrifice, and ever lives to make intercession; and all this to encourage the saints to hold fast their profession of him.

Matthew Henry Commentary

Verses 1-6 - Christ is to be considered as the Apostle of our profession, the Messenger sent by God to men, the great Revealer of that faith which we profess to hold, and of that hope which we profess to have. As Christ the Messiah, anointed for the office both of Apostle and High Priest As Jesus, our Saviour, our Healer, the great Physician of souls Consider him thus. Consider what he is in himself, what he is to us and what he will be to us hereafter and for ever. Close and seriou thoughts of Christ bring us to know more of him. The Jews had a hig opinion of the faithfulness of Moses, yet his faithfulness was but type of Christ's. Christ was the Master of this house, of his church his people, as well as their Maker. Moses was a faithful servant Christ, as the eternal Son of God, is rightful Owner and Sovereig Ruler of the Church. There must not only be setting out well in the ways of Christ, but stedfastness and perseverance therein to the end Every meditation on his person and his salvation, will suggest mor wisdom, new motives to love, confidence, and obedience.

Greek Textus Receptus

3606 αδελφοι 80 αγιοι 40 κλησεως 2821 επουρανιου 2032 μετοχοι 3353 κατανοησατε 2657 5657 τον 3588 αποστολον 652 και 2532 αρχιερεα 749 της 3588 ομολογιας 3671 ημων 2257 χριστον 5547 ιησουν 2424

Vincent's NT Word Studies

1. The leading ideas of the preceding section are echoed in this verse:
brethren, of whom Christ made himself the brother: holy, in virtue of the work of the sanctifier.

Wherefore (oqen). Drawing a conclusion from ch. ii. 9-18.

Holy brethren (adelfoi agioi). The phrase N.T.o . jAdelfoi brethren, in address, is not found in the Gospels. In Acts mostly andrev ajdelfoi brother men. In Paul, ajd. ajgaphtoi brethren beloved, or ajd. ajgap. kai ejpipoqhtoi brethren beloved and longed for (once, Philip. iv. 1), ajd. hjgaphmenoi ujpo tou qeou and tou kuriou brethren beloved of God or of the Lord, and ajd. mou my brethren. In James mostly ajd. mou. In Hebrews, except here, ajdelfoi simply. Holy brethren (see ch. ii. 11) are worshippers of God, taking the place of God's O.T. people, as called and consecrated to ethical and spiritual service according to the Christian ideal. Partakers of a heavenly calling (klhsewv epouraniou metocoi). Metocoi partakers only in Hebrews except Luke v. 7. See on metescen took part, ch. ii. 14. The phrase heavenly calling N.T.o . Comp. thv avw klhsewv the upward calling, Philip. iii. 14. The expression points to the lordship of the world to be (ch. ii. 5); and the world to be is the abiding world, the place of realities as contrasted with types and shadows. The calling comes from that world and is to that world. See ch. xiii. 14. Consider (katanohsate). 179 Attentively, thoughtfully (kata). See on Jas. i. 23. The writer's habit is to use the communicative we or us identifying himself with his readers.

The apostle and high priest (ton apostolon kai arcierea). In calling Jesus apostle, the writer is thinking of Moses as one sent by God to lead Israel to Canaan. Comp. LXX, where ajpostellein to send is often used of Moses. See Exodus 3-7. Often of Jesus, as Luke x. 16; John iii. 17; v. 36; vi. 29.

Of our profession (thv omologiav hmwn). Rend. confession for profession. The apostle and high priest whom we confess. Comp. 1 Timothy vi. 12.

CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13
VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19


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