Verse 27. "A man of Ethiopia" - anhr aiqioy should be translated an Ethiopian, for the reasons given on chap. vii. 2.
"An eunuch" - See this word interpreted, on Matt. xix. 12. The term eunuch was given to persons in authority at court, to whom its literal meaning did not apply. Potiphar was probably an eunuch only as to his office; for he was a married man. See Genesis xxxvii. 36; xxxix. 1. And it is likely that this Ethiopian was of the same sort.
"Of great authority" - dunasthv, A perfect lord chamberlain of the royal household; or, rather, her treasurer, for it is here said, he had charge of all her treasure, hn epi pashv thv gazhv authv. The apparent Greek word gaza, Gaza, is generally allowed to be Persian, from the authority of Servius, who, in his comment on AEn. lib. i. ver. c18: - Apparent rari nantes in gurgite vasto, Arma virum, tabulaeque, et Troia GAZA per undas.
"And here and there above the waves are seen Arms, pictures, precious goods, and floating men." DRYDEN.
The words of Servius are: "Gaza Persicus sermo est, et significat divitias; unde Gaza urbs in Palaestina dicitur, quod in ea Cambyses rex Persarum cum AEgyptiis bellum inferret divitias suas condidit." GAZA is a Persian word, and signifies RICHES: hence Gaza, a city in Palestine, was so called because Cambyses, king of Persia, laid up his treasures in it, when he waged war with the Egyptians. The nearest Persian word of this signification which I find is (Persian) gunj, or ganz, and (Persian) gunja, which signify a magazine, store, hoard, or hidden treasure. The Arabic (Arabic) kluzaneh, comes as near as the Persian, with the same meaning.
Hence (Arabic) makhzen, called magazen by the Spaniards, and magazine by the English; a word which signifies a collection of stores or treasures, or the place where they are laid up. It is scarcely necessary to remark that this name is given also to certain monthly publications, which are, or profess to be, a store of treasures, or repository of precious, or valuable things.
But who was Candace? It is granted that she is not found in the common lists of Ethiopic sovereigns with which we have been favoured. But neither the Abyssinians nor the Jews admitted women in their genealogies. I shall not enter into this controversy, but shall content myself with quoting the words of Mr. Bruce. "It is known," says he, "from credible writers engaged in no controversy, that this Candace reigned upon the Nile in Atbara, near Egypt. Her capital also, was taken in the time of Augustus, a few years before the conversion of the slave by