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CHAPTERS: Psalms 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 148, 149, 150     

VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10




LXX- Greek Septuagint - Psalms 110:1

αλληλουια εξομολογησομαι 1843 5698 σοι 4671 4674 κυριε 2962 εν 1722 1520 ολη 3650 καρδια 2588 μου 3450 εν 1722 1520 βουλη 1012 ευθειων και 2532 συναγωγη 4864

Douay Rheims Bible

I will praise thee, O Lord, with my whole heart; in the council of the just: and in the congregation.

King James Bible - Psalms 111:1

Praise ye the LORD. I will praise the LORD with my whole heart, in the assembly of the upright, and in the congregation.

World English Bible

Praise Yah! I will give thanks to Yahweh with my whole heart, in the council of the upright, and in the congregation.

Early Church Father Links

Anf-01 ix.iv.xi Pg 40, Anf-01 ii.ii.xxxvi Pg 9, Anf-01 vi.ii.xii Pg 23, Anf-01 ix.iii.xxix Pg 22, Anf-01 Pg 4, Anf-01 viii.iv.cxxvii Pg 9, Anf-01 viii.iv.lvi Pg 26, Anf-01 ix.iv.vii Pg 2, Anf-01 viii.ii.xlv Pg 4, Anf-01 ix.iv.xvii Pg 21, Anf-01 Pg 52, Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxxiii Pg 3, Anf-01 viii.iv.xxxii Pg 4, Anf-01 viii.iv.xxxiii Pg 0, Anf-03 v.iv.v.xli Pg 20, Anf-03 Pg 22, Anf-03 v.v.xi Pg 21, Anf-03 v.viii.xxii Pg 13, Anf-03 v.ix.iv Pg 5, Anf-03 v.ix.xi Pg 16, Anf-03 v.ix.xiii Pg 6, Anf-03 Pg 13, Anf-03 Pg 19, Anf-03 Pg 20, Anf-03 Pg 23, Anf-05 iii.iv.i.v.v Pg 1, Npnf-102 iv.XVII.7 Pg 8, Npnf-102 iv.XVII.14 Pg 3, Npnf-102 iv.XVII.17 Pg 3, Npnf-103 iv.i.iv.xi Pg 15, Npnf-103 iv.i.iv.xi Pg 15, Npnf-108 ii.CX Pg 5, Npnf-112 iv.xxi Pg 24, Npnf-205 viii.i.ix.i Pg 19, Npnf-209 ii.iv.ii Pg 159, Npnf-209 ii.v.ii.ix Pg 78, Npnf-210 iv.ii.iii.ii Pg 11, Npnf-210 iv.ii.iv.xv Pg 11, Npnf-212 ii.v.xvi Pg 10

World Wide Bible Resources

Psalms 110:1

Early Christian Commentary - (A.D. 100 - A.D. 325)

Anf-01 ix.iv.xi Pg 40
Ps. cx. 1.

Thus God and the Father are truly one and the same; He who was announced by the prophets, and handed down by the true Gospel; whom we Christians worship and love with the whole heart, as the Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things therein.

Anf-01 ii.ii.xxxvi Pg 9
Ps. cx. 1; Heb. i. 13.

But who are His enemies? All the wicked, and those who set themselves to oppose the will of God.161

161 Some read, “who oppose their own will to that of God.”

Anf-01 vi.ii.xii Pg 23
Ps. cx. 1; Matt. xxii. 43–45.

And again, thus saith Isaiah, “The Lord said to Christ,1627

1627 Cod. Sin. corrects “to Cyrus,” as LXX.

my Lord, whose right hand I have holden,1628

1628 Cod. Sin. has, “he has taken hold.”

that the nations should yield obedience before Him; and I will break in pieces the strength of kings.”1629


Anf-01 ix.iii.xxix Pg 22
Ps. cx. 1.

But as for us, we still dwell upon the earth, and have not yet sat down upon His throne. For although the Spirit of the Saviour that is in Him “searcheth all things, even the deep things of God,”3228


Anf-01 Pg 4
Ps. cx. 1.

And how, again, could such an one declare: “Before Abraham was, I am?”1199


Anf-01 viii.iv.cxxvii Pg 9
Ps. cx. 1.

Anf-01 viii.iv.lvi Pg 26
Ps. cx. 1.

as I have already quoted. And again, in other words: ‘Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever. A sceptre of equity is the sceptre of Thy kingdom: Thou hast loved righteousness and hated iniquity: therefore God, even Thy God, hath anointed Thee with the oil of gladness above Thy fellows.’2137


Anf-01 ix.iv.vii Pg 2
Ps. cx. 1.

Here the [Scripture] represents to us the Father addressing the Son; He who gave Him the inheritance of the heathen, and subjected to Him all His enemies. Since, therefore, the Father is truly Lord, and the Son truly Lord, the Holy Spirit has fitly designated them by the title of Lord. And again, referring to the destruction of the Sodomites, the Scripture says, “Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah fire and brimstone from the Lord out of heaven.”3330


Anf-01 viii.ii.xlv Pg 4
Ps. cx. 1, etc.

That which he says, “He shall send to Thee the rod of power out of Jerusalem,” is predictive of the mighty, word, which His apostles, going forth from Jerusalem, preached everywhere; and though death is decreed against those who teach or at all confess the name of Christ, we everywhere both embrace and teach it. And if you also read these words in a hostile spirit, ye can do no more, as I said before, than kill us; which indeed does no harm to us, but to you and all who unjustly hate us, and do not repent, brings eternal punishment by fire.

Anf-01 ix.iv.xvii Pg 21
Ps. cx. 1.

Anf-01 Pg 52
Isa. vi. 1; Ps. cx. 1.

others beheld Him coming on the clouds as the Son of man;4293


Anf-01 viii.iv.lxxxiii Pg 3
Or better, “His.” This quotation from Ps. cx. is put very differently from the previous quotation of the same Psalm in chap. xxxii. [Justin often quotes from memory. Kaye, cap. viii.]

enemies. In the splendour of the saints before the morning star have I begotten Thee. The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.’ Who does not admit, then, that Hezekiah is no priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek? And who does not know that he is not the redeemer of Jerusalem? And who does not know that he neither sent a rod of power into Jerusalem, nor ruled in the midst of his enemies; but that it was God who averted from him the enemies, after he mourned and was afflicted? But our Jesus, who has not yet come in glory, has sent into Jerusalem a rod of power, namely, the word of calling and repentance [meant] for all nations over which demons held sway, as David says, ‘The gods of the nations are demons.’ And His strong word has prevailed on many to forsake the demons whom they used to serve, and by means of it to believe in the Almighty God because the gods of the nations are demons.2278

2278 This last clause is thought to be an interpolation.

And we mentioned formerly that the statement, ‘In the splendour of the saints before the morning star have I begotten Thee from the womb,’ is made to Christ.

Anf-01 viii.iv.xxxii Pg 4
Ps. cx.

‘The Lord said unto My Lord, Sit Thou at My right hand, until I make Thine enemies Thy footstool. The Lord shall send the rod of Thy strength out of Sion: rule Thou also in the midst of Thine enemies. With Thee shall be, in the day, the chief of Thy power, in the beauties of Thy saints. From the womb, before the morning star, have I begotten Thee. The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent: Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek. The Lord is at Thy right hand: He has crushed kings in the day of His wrath: He shall judge among the heathen, He shall fill [with] the dead bodies.2031

2031 πληρώσει πτώματα; Lat. version, implebit ruinas. Thirlby suggested that an omission has taken place in the mss. by the transcriber’s fault.

He shall drink of the brook in the way; therefore shall He lift up the head.’

Anf-01 viii.iv.xxxiii Pg 0

Anf-03 v.iv.v.xli Pg 20
Ps. cx. 1.

Accordingly, after He had said this, and so suggested a comparison of the Scripture, a ray of light did seem to show them whom He would have them understand Him to be; for they say: “Art thou then the Son of God?”5112


Anf-03 Pg 22
Ps. cx. 1.

For in another passage the Spirit says to the Father concerning the Son: “Thou hast put all things under His feet.”5968


Anf-03 v.v.xi Pg 21
Ps. cx. 1.

as being the workers of evil,—if in this way an end is compatible with evil, it must follow of necessity that a beginning is also compatible with it; and Matter will turn out to have a beginning, by virtue of its having also an end. For whatever things are set to the account of evil,6246

6246 Male deputantur.

have a compatibility with the condition of evil.

Anf-03 v.viii.xxii Pg 13
Ps. cx. 1.

), making Him more hurried than the Father, whilst every crowd in our popular assemblies is still with shouts consigning “the Christians to the lions?”7423

7423 Compare The Apology, xl.; De Spect. xxvii.; De Exhort. Cast. xii.

Who has yet beheld Jesus descending from heaven in like manner as the apostles saw Him ascend, according to the appointment of the two angels?7424


Anf-03 v.ix.iv Pg 5
Ps. cx. 1.

“When, however, all things shall be subdued to Him, (with the exception of Him who did put all things under Him,) then shall the Son also Himself be subject unto Him who put all things under Him, that God may be all in all.”7801


Anf-03 v.ix.xi Pg 16
Ps. cx. 1.

Likewise in the words of Isaiah: “Thus saith the Lord to the Lord7889

7889 Tertullian reads Κυρίῳ instead of Κύρῳ, “Cyrus.”

mine Anointed.”7890


Anf-03 v.ix.xiii Pg 6
Ps. cx. 1.

And Isaiah says this: “Lord, who hath believed our report, and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed?”7910


Anf-03 Pg 13
Ps. cx. 1.

He will come again on the clouds of heaven, just as He appeared when He ascended into heaven.8197


Anf-03 Pg 19
Ps. cx. 1, 2; and viii. 6.

It is necessary for me to lay claim to those Scriptures which the Jews endeavour to deprive us of, and to show that they sustain my view. Now they say that this Psalm5598


Anf-03 Pg 20
Ps. cx.

was a chant in honour of Hezekiah,5599

5599 In Ezechiam cecinisse.

because “he went up to the house of the Lord,”5600


Anf-03 Pg 23
Tertullian, as usual, argues from the Septuagint, which in the latter clause of Ps. cx. 3 has ἐκ γαστρὸς πρὸ ἑωσφόρου ἐγέννησά σε; and so the Vulgate version has it. This Psalm has been variously applied by the Jews. Raschi (or Rabbi Sol. Jarchi) thinks it is most suitable to Abraham, and possibly to David, in which latter view D. Kimchi agrees with him.  Others find in Solomon the best application; but more frequently is Hezekiah thought to be the subject of the Psalm, as Tertullian observes. Justin Martyr (in Dial. cum Tryph.) also notices this application of the Psalm. But Tertullian in the next sentence appears to recognize the sounder opinion of the older Jews, who saw in this Ps. cx. a prediction of Messiah.  This opinion occurs in the Jerusalem Talmud, in the tract Berachoth, 5. Amongst the more recent Jews who also hold the sounder view, may be mentioned Rabbi Saadias Gaon, on Dan. vii. 13, and R. Moses Hadarsan [singularly enough quoted by Raschi in another part of his commentary (Gen. xxxv. 8)], with others who are mentioned by Wetstein, On the New Testament, Matt. xxii. 44. Modern Jews, such as Moses Mendelsohn, reject the Messianic sense; and they are followed by the commentators of the Rationalist school amongst ourselves and in Germany. J. Olshausen, after Hitzig, comes down in his interpretation of the Psalm as late as the Maccabees, and sees a suitable accomplishment of its words in the honours heaped upon Jonathan by Alexander son of Antiochus Epiphanes (see 1 Macc. x. 20). For the refutation of so inadequate a commentary, the reader is referred to Delitzch on Ps. cx. The variations of opinion, however, in this school, are as remarkable as the fluctuations of the Jewish writers. The latest work on the Psalms which has appeared amongst us (Psalms, chronologically arranged, by four Friends), after Ewald, places the accomplishment of Ps. cx. in what may be allowed to have been its occasionDavid’s victories over the neighboring heathen.

are applicable to Hezekiah, and to the birth of Hezekiah. We on our side5602

5602 Nos.

have published Gospels (to the credibility of which we have to thank5603

5603 Debemus.


5604 Istos: that is, the Jews (Rigalt.).

for having given some confirmation, indeed, already in so great a subject5605

5605 Utique jam in tanto opere.

); and these declare that the Lord was born at night, that so it might be “before the morning star,” as is evident both from the star especially, and from the testimony of the angel, who at night announced to the shepherds that Christ had at that moment been born,5606

5606 Natum esse quum maxime.

and again from the place of the birth, for it is towards night that persons arrive at the (eastern) “inn.” Perhaps, too, there was a mystic purpose in Christ’s being born at night, destined, as He was, to be the light of the truth amidst the dark shadows of ignorance. Nor, again, would God have said, “I have begotten Thee,” except to His true Son.  For although He says of all the people (Israel), “I have begotten5607

5607 Generavi: Sept. ἐγέννησα.



Edersheim Bible History

Temple viii Pg 4.3

Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge, Chapter 110

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